Varicose Vein Study

Frequently Asked Questions

    Anyone know how long legs are sore after varicose vein injections ?
    Anyone know how long legs are sore after varicose vein injections (1 of 6). Can I work / dance / take a plane same the same day?

    • ANSWER:
      There is some information on the link, scroll down to get there...

      Many doctors recommend wearing the bandage for at least a couple of weeks, but different doctors recommend different things. If you had big varicose veins, you may need to wear the bandage for longer. In one study, people with veins that were wider than 3 millimetres (about one-eighth of an inch) wore their bandage for three weeks.
      You can walk around after having injections, but it's best to avoid doing anything strenuous like jogging or aerobics for the first day or two.
      Most doctors advise you to remain as active as you can while wearing the bandages or stockings,
      It is inadvisable to fly long distance for a few weeks after any venous treatment due to the inherent risk of DVT. Most doctors accept short haul flights within Europe.

      Check with the doctor that did the injections.

    Percentage of guys with varicose veins that are infertile?
    15-20 % of guys have a varicose vein , but what percentage of those guys are infertile because of it?! Thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      No idea, as no one has done a study on it.

    Caffeine reduces cellulite and varicose veins?
    I came across a product (Coffee body scrub) that claims that it will reduce cellulite and varicose veins, but it sounds like a load of crock to me. I've very skeptical of things unless I can find a study on it. Has anyone else heard of this? Can anyone point me in the direction of a scientific study?

    • ANSWER:
      I had cellulite on my butt and thighs. I took 6 capsules of lecithin a day and they are smooth again. Yay! Thanks to the lady who told me:) This is where I bought them. It's my favorite website and my

    What is the treatment of varicose veins?... I mean is there a medicine for it or there is no...?
    I hate varicose veins and because of that I want to know more about it..

    • ANSWER:
      The goals of varicose vein treatment are to reduce symptoms and prevent complications. For some, the goal may be improved appearance. Home treatment—especially exercising, wearing compression stockings, and elevating the legs—is the first and often best approach.

      Other treatment, such as sclerotherapy or ligation and stripping surgery, may be considered if symptoms and complications (such as pain, inflammation of the skin, and ulcers) develop or continue to get worse despite home treatment.

      * Sclerotherapy uses an injection of a chemical (sclerosant) into a varicose vein to damage and scar the inside lining of the vein, causing the vein to close.
      * In ligation and stripping, incisions are made over the varicose veins, and the vein is tied off (ligated) and sometimes removed (stripped).

      Treatment may be necessary to remove the damaged veins, treat complications, or correct an underlying problem that is causing the varicose veins. The size of your varicose veins affects your treatment options. Generally, larger varicose veins are treated with surgery (ligation and stripping). Smaller varicose veins and spider veins are usually treated with sclerotherapy or laser therapy.

      Radiofrequency closure technique has recently been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and is sometimes used to treat varicose veins. This procedure uses radiofrequency energy (instead of laser energy) to close off a large varicose vein in the leg. In one study, people receiving this treatment reported a high degree of satisfaction.

    Are hot showers bad for your skin or health in any way?
    Everyday I get a hot shower to the point of getting red splotches all over my body (which fade after I get out). The hot water feels so good it is almost euphoric and it relaxes my muscles. I know it can cause dry skin; but beyond that are my hot showers doing any harm? Harm such as premature aging or varicose veins maybe?

    • ANSWER:
      When you step into your hot shower, you are inadvertently exposing your body to a slew of toxins that can damage your health, inside and out.

      Chlorine is not the only toxin in your shower. When this chemical comes into contact with other naturally occurring elements in water, it forms dangerous byproducts such as trihalomethanes (THMs) and chloroform.

      Studies have linked these chlorine byproducts to many serious health risks such as:

      Bladder cancer
      Heart disease

    Varicose Veins as related to infertility?
    I have several questions in one. I'm really panicing about this, so a link would be greatly appreciated.

    First, I've heard that varicose veins on a testicle can cause infertility. Is this true?

    Also, is it safe to have surgery to have removed? If it can be removed, does that increase your ability to have a child back up to normal? Are there any negative side effects to just leaving it there if I were to decide I did not want children? If I did have surgery to have it fixed, how long would I be out of action for? Would it leave a permanent scar or decrease my sex drive?

    As you can tell, I basically know nothing. Please help me!

    • ANSWER:
      Testicular varicocele is only a possible cause as there are no conclusive studies linking the two of them. A varicocele is just a dilation of the testicular blood vessels most commonly secondary to defective valves within the veins. They do not normally cause pain. The only side effect that you would be worried about would be testicular atrophy (shrinkage) which would only occur of the varicocele impairs the flow of blood away from the testicle (uncommon). Surgeries to repair this are not normally extensive and you should only be out of commission for a few days, no longer than a week at the latest. As far as a permanent scar, I don't think you'd be able to worry about it since you can't see down there anyway, but surgery is typically outpatient through a small incision. Your sex drive is not affected by having a varicocele unless you psych yourself out by worrying about it. Overall they normally don't cause problems and when they do fixing them is simple.

      I've attached an article if you'd like to know more. I hope this helps.

    How do I deal with the fact that I am ugly?
    Everyone values appearances so much...especially in my family. I'm 25 I have a huge nose, thin lips, red circles under my eyes, breasts that are different sizes, and the faint blue lines of future varicose veins, thin hair, and I lost a tooth from being abused as a child. I just want to die.

    • ANSWER:
      No no no no! You have the answer and you ignore it!

      You need only change one word.

      Everyone values appearances so much

      In truth...

      Everyone values appearances TOO much

      You see, in society, what we are told about happiness is WRONG.

      Beauty will not bring you any happiness at all I'm afraid. Despite what the haters in society say (who themselves are often miserable) true beauty is on the inside.

      I know you've heard this a thousand times before-but you've probably never heard WHY this is.

      Right now, you are 25. Let's say that somehow-you end up becoming a supermodel. People flock to you and everyone wants to be your friend. You have no reason you tell yourself-to improve yourself. Looks are everything to you. For a while, you're on top of the world. You've forgotten who you once were-you now mock those who looked like you used to or just plain ignore them. But in time...

      You lose this...

      Your body deteriorates with time, and you are forgotten more and more. After a while, you are a relic. Forgotten. Now you have nothing.

      Tell me-was it worth it?


      You can stop trying to be someone else.

      You see, in the first scenario-you were not being YOU. You were being what others wanted you to be. You are doing that now aren't you? You want to be Jennifer Lopez or Brittany Spears with your appearance.

      No matter what a house looks like on the outside, it's not a home until it's secure on the inside.

      In other words-you are upset because you see yourself as a fixer upper with no paint.

      How then, do you truly fix this house?

      You start with the foundation.

      Look at the way you view your life now-you are upset because you can't live up to the expectations of others. But when did their expectations matter more than yours?

      You need to stop worrying about the paint and start working on the foundation.

      Here's something else you may not realize-

      Imagine that you were born with good looks.

      Do you know the implications of that?

      People give false compliments to attractive people all the time. They use them, in the hopes of gaining popularity, sex, ect.

      Imagine now, not knowing who to trust. Do they want to use you like everyone else? Do they really love and respect you? It's almost impossible to know.

      Now take you-you say you are not attractive.

      Someone tells you that you have a great personality or you a funny person with a great sense of humor.

      Is it genuine? Probably. They are able to be genuine with you.

      You look around and say you don't have this or that. But what you do have you KNOW you have.

      Think about that for a while.


      After you've realized those things, you still ask-how do I begin to repair the house?

      First you need to stop worrying about the paint-we've covered that.

      Second, you need to recognize that happiness can never come from without-it can only come from within.

      Third, you need to realize the pain you'd cause your family in the event of your suicide.

      All that being said-here's what could happen if you change your way of thought.


      25 or even 50 years from now-you have become much wiser. Time you would have spent trying to make yourself look better you spent improving your life-studying and learning how to be a happy person.

      You look around and see other women your age-many of them who were attractive back then-are old and gray like you-but they have no joy. No, they spent their whole lives seeking small ego boosts here and there. They never truly learned what happiness was.

      So you must ask yourself-

      Do you prefer gratification now-with a lifetime of misery and disillusionment, or true happiness and acceptance of who you are now-that lasts the rest of your life.

      Choose wisely.

      Peace and happiness,
      Travis Anderson

    Is there some form of the adult business I could go into as a college student?
    I was thinking of being a web model because I don't think I could be a stripper as I have little varicose veins on the back of my legs. BTW, I'm 5'8" and 125 lbs. What do you think I could do as a college student? Serious answers only please.

    • ANSWER:
      You can cover the varicose veins with make-up and guys are going to be looking at your boobs, your butt and your smile. Stripping is quick money and leaves you plenty of time to study.

    Lupron side effects with existing conditions?
    My new OB/GYN wants me to go on Lupron shots stating it may or may not help my case. She never mentioned any side effects aside from menopausal symptoms, and gave me a couple of weeks to think about my decision, so I talked to my pharmacist and did some research to learn more, and don't like what I'm reading.

    My family history includes stroke, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, kidney failure. Mom had endo, surgical removal at 38, menopause at 40. I've been having menopausal symptoms for the past 7 years, increasing in severity for the last 3. I suffer from high blood pressure, high cholesterol, tachycardia (just today, 122 bpm for no reason), severe pelvic pain and DUB. I've had a recurring hemangioma of the palate which took 11 surgeries to fully remove, and a fibroadenoma on the left breast. My mom has angiomas on the liver.

    Last year, I was put on Seasonale for 3 months, Seasonique for 9. I ended up in more pain, with more bleeding, having a mild heart attack, and bad leg circulation problems (varicose veins, swelling, pain). This was my 7th BC pill in 11 years which just stopped working.

    MRI last October showed a thickening of the left USL, requiring further study. Suspected endo.
    I asked my new OB/GYN for a hysterectomy. She insisted on the shots, and completely dismissed my diagnostic laparoscopy request.

    If there is anyone out there with the appropriate knowledge, I need help.
    What are my chances of Lupron even improving anything, when the diagnostic hasn't been confirmed? And won't this drug harm the other health problems I already have?

    • ANSWER:

    How to stop spider veins on my legs from expanding?
    I already know that spider veins that have developed will not disappear with the prevention measures taken,but is there any way I can slow down their progression?

    • ANSWER:
      Three easy recommendations:

      Drink lots of water. The eight 8oz glasses methods of hydration was long ago debunked as being ineffective, so even if you are taking in that much water it may not be enough. Use this chart to see if you are hydrated: Being properly hydrated will add volume to your blood, in turn strengthening blood vessels and surrounding muscles. This will prevent them from emerging towards the surface of your skin (due to being too weak to hold their stability).

      Second, spend at least one hour a day standing, walking, or otherwise not sitting. Improved circulation from this will, like water, strengthen veins and encourage them to go back where they belong: away from your visible skin.

      Finally, try using Gotu Kola supplements, as studies have shown them to be very effective in reducing spider and varicose veins.

    This question is a little embarassing, but I am too shy to go to the doctor. I have recently discovered on the?
    bottom of my butt cheek a varicose looking vein. I am really concerned because I am only 22 years old and have no other vein issues on my body. I have not ever heard of anyone getting varicose veins anywhere other than their legs or arms. I am wondering what would cause this to happen in such an unusual spot and if there is anything I can do.

    • ANSWER:
      I tend to agree with both the answers given to you by Amber and Vindictive Vagina.
      The chances are it's nothing to worry about because the buttocks have large muscles and very few capillaries (which are what usually cause varicose veins). In many people there tends to be a lot of fatty tissue there too in which there are very few blood vessels.
      However, having said that; if it really does concern you, you should bite the bullet and get a doctor's opinion. They have spent many hours studying to know about medical problems. So, they can most likely be trusted to give you the right answer to ease your worries.

    Are these the reasons for darkening of my eye surroundings?
    I dont watch tv or spend long hours in front of computer.But i surf through my phone late hours at night.And also i do late night study because i really cannot getup early for studying my subjects.I usually sleep 6-7 hours/day. Is it ok? The question is How can i stop the darkening?

    • ANSWER:
      Are you talking about eyelids, below your eye, like raccoon eye?

      If so, this may be caused by allergies. Could be your makeup, foods, perfumes, air fresheners, laundry detergent etc.

      Is this recent? If so, try to think if there is something new you've added to your diet or surroundings. Laundry detergent is fairly common.

      Here is an article on several reasons this might be happening. Hope this helps!

      "Dark Circles Under the Eyes
      Possible Causes:

      Black or dark circles under or around the eyes can be caused by many different factors. Most people inherit the tendency for dark circles. The following are the most common causes of those unattractive dark circles.

      HEREDITY: Like varicose veins, dark circles under the eyes are usually an inherited trait. If you have dark circles, there is a good chance that others in your family also have them. The skin under the eye is very thin. When blood passes through the large veins close to the surface of the skin it can produce a bluish tint. The more transparent your skin, also an inherited trait, the darker the circles appear.
      EXPOSURE TO SUN: Even in darker skinned people, exposure to sunlight, especially during the summer months, can cause a higher-than-normal level of skin pigmentation (melanin) under the eyes. People get suntans because exposure to the sun increases the natural pigmentation of the skin and draws that pigmentation to the surface. The same principle applies to the skin under the eyes.
      ALLERGIES, ASTHMA, ECZEMA: Any condition that you have that causes your eyes to itch can contribute to darker circles under the eyes because rubbing or scratching the skin can darken the skin. Hay fever sufferers particularly will notice under-eye "smudges" during the height of the allergy season. Some food allergies can also cause the area under the eyes to appear darker.
      MEDICATIONS: Any medications that you are taking that causes blood vessels to dilate, can cause circles under the eyes to darken. Because the skin under the eyes is very delicate, any increase blood flow shows through the skin.
      NUTRITION: The lack of nutrients in the diet, or the lack of a balance diet, can contribute to the discoloration of the area under the eyes.
      FATIGUE, lack of sleep: A lack of sleep or excessive tiredness can cause paleness of the skin, which again allows the blood underneath the skin to become more visible and appear more blue or darker.
      PREGNANCY and MENSTRUATION: The skin can also become more pale during pregnancy and menstruation, which again allows the underlying veins under the eyes to become more visible.
      AGE: If you have a propensity to have dark circles under you eyes, as you grow older, they are likely to become more noticeable and permanent. Excess folds of skin under the eyes will also make dark circles more pronounced.


      Tea Bag Treatment: Try applying a cold compress of rosemary tea to increase circulation, which helps reduce swelling around the eyes. Make tea by bringing a half-cup of fresh rosemary and a quart of water to a boil. Steep for 20 minutes, then strain and chill. Soak a washcloth in the tea, ring out extra liquid anal place over eyes for 15 to 20 minutes, once a day, as needed.

      Acupressure: Another circulation-boosting treatment is acupressure. This is an easy exercise that you can also do every day. Close your eyes and gently press your ring finger underneath one eye, moving from the inside corner to the outside corner. Do this 10 to 15 times. Then repeat on the other eye.

      Cold compress: Close your eyes and cover them with a cold washcloth for about five minutes. Repeat several times throughout the day. That will help constrict your blood vessels, minimizing darkness, and it may help minimize tissue swelling and eliminate some of the darkness.

      Moisturizer: To minimize the appearance of bags, plump up skin with moisturizer, one that contains vitamin C, an antioxidant that protects skin cells from damage and supports collagen production; licorice (or fennel) extract, an anti-inflammatory; and stabilized oxygen, a form of hydrogen peroxide that promotes circulation.

      Diet: Eat a whole-foods, plant-based diet, drink plenty of water (eight 8-ounce glasses daily), and avoiding alcohol, coffee, tea and caffeinated soft drinks also go a long way in preventing bags, circles and wrinkles.

      Spread on the sunscreen. Use a sunscreen especially made for the face with a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 15, but preferably 20, "all day every day," to keep the sun's rays from darkening the skin under your eyes.

      Eight hours of sleep is a must for all of us, especially for people having dark circles under their eyes.

      Freeze some parsley in ice cubes. Use the parsley cubes instead of eye creams to diminish dark circles and puffiness. Parsley is packed with chlorophyll which helps fade darkness, while the ice cubes reduce the swelling.

      Potato/Cucumber combinations are helpful.
      Close your eyes and cover eyelids with slices of raw potato or cucumber for 15-20 minutes. Wash with warm water and apply a cream.
      Grate a cucumber, squeeze to take out its juice and refrigerate. Make a mixture of lemon juice, lanolin cream and cucumber juice and apply around the eye for 10-15 minutes.
      Dip some cotton in a 1:1 mixture of potato and cucumber juices. Put the cotton on your eyelids and keep for 20 minutes. Wash your eyes with cold water.

      Lemon/Tomato combinations are helpful.
      Apply a mixture of lemon and tomato juice(equal parts) on the black circles 2 times a day.
      Make a paste out of the following:
      1 tsp. tomato juice,
      1/2 tsp. lemon juice,
      a pinch of turmeric powder, and
      1 tsp. of flour.
      Apply around eyes. Leave on for 10 minutes before rinsing.

      Apply a paste of turmeric powder with pineapple juice for dark circles under the eyes.

      Apply crushed mint around the eye.

      Massage with almond oil under and around eyes at bed time daily for 2 weeks and see the improvement. Almond helps to remove dark circles, and is an excellent "skin food".

      Vitamin E Rub the area with a powdered Vitamin E capsule and wipe off with a mixture of honey and egg white.

      Put hot and cold cloths alternatively under eyes for 10 minutes. Then apply some almond oil on the dark surface before going to bed.

      Smooth Puffy Eyes with Egg White: Astringent egg white tightens your pores and reduces puffiness. Additionally, its high concentration of the B vitamins promotes circulation and reduces inflammation. Check with the farm that produces your eggs to make sure they have been tested for Salmonella, a bacteria that can cause serious infections, cautions Annie Berthold-Bond, the Rhinebeck, N.Y.-based author of Better Basics for the Home (Three Rivers Press, 1999). Use your fingers to dab 1/2 teaspoon of one raw egg white onto the clean, dry skin around your eyes, avoiding your eyes themselves. Leave it on until it dries, about 15 minutes. Then rinse the area well with warm water and wash your hands with soap and water.

      VisionTone and Purple Gold Cream: According to Chinese medicine, dark circles under the eyes is often due to what is referred to as "Kidney Deficiency". This does not necessarily relate to the Kidney organs, but more to the Kidney "meridian", or flow of energy. VisionTone is an excellent Kidney tonic. Kidney deficiency can be caused by a number of reasons including: lack of sleep, chronic stress, poor diet, lack of exercise, excessive drinking, smoking, drugs, etc. "

    Varicose Veins-Operation What Do They Actually Do?
    I know of some people who have had to go into hospital to remove(?) varicose veins.

    Can somebody advise what the actual procedure involves?

    Thank you

    • ANSWER:
      The goals of varicose vein treatment are to reduce symptoms and prevent complications. For some, the goal may be improved appearance. Home treatment—especially exercising, wearing compression stockings, and elevating the legs—is the first and often best approach.

      If home treatment does not help, there are treatment options. Vein surgery, called ligation and stripping, is a standard treatment for problem varicose veins. However, laser or radiofrequency vein treatments are likely to give good results with less risk, less pain, and a shorter recovery time. 3 Because these are fairly new treatments, long-term results aren't yet known. If you have laser or radiofrequency treatment, look for a doctor with a lot of experience.

      Ligation and stripping. Incisions are made over the varicose veins, and the vein is tied off (ligated) and removed (stripped).
      Sclerotherapy. A chemical (sclerosant) is injected into a varicose vein to damage and scar the inside lining of the vein, causing the vein to close. This usually works best for small veins.
      Laser treatment. Laser energy is used to scar and destroy varicose veins. This is called ablation. Endovenous laser therapy uses a laser fiber inserted into the vein. Laser ablation inside the vein makes the vein close up.
      Radiofrequency treatment. Radiofrequency energy (instead of laser energy) is used inside a vein to scar and close it off. It can be used to close off a large varicose vein in the leg. This ablation treatment is new and may not be available in your area.
      Treatment may be necessary to remove the damaged veins, treat complications, or correct an underlying problem that is causing the varicose veins. The size of your varicose veins affects your treatment options. Generally, larger varicose veins are treated with surgery (ligation and stripping), endovenous laser, or radiofrequency treatment. In some cases, a combination of treatments may work best. Smaller varicose veins and spider veins are usually treated with sclerotherapy or laser therapy on your skin.

      Some people may want to improve how their legs look, even though their varicose veins are not causing other problems. In these cases, surgery, sclerotherapy, or laser or radiofrequency treatment may be appropriate—as long as there are no other health problems that make these treatments risky. For more information, see:

      Should I have a surgical procedure for varicose veins?
      What To Think About
      Doctors recommend home treatment as a first step for varicose veins. This may be all you need to relieve symptoms. However, you may still want surgery or vein treatment if you are not satisfied with their appearance or your symptoms are not well controlled.

      If you are thinking about having surgery or a vein treatment, you may want to know which treatment is best for you. No single approach is best for treating all varicose veins. Sclerotherapy, endovenous laser, or radiofrequency treatment may be best for smaller veins. Surgery may work better for larger veins, though laser or radiofrequency treatment may also work well (long-term studies are not yet done). Talk to your doctor about your choices.

      Many treatment methods—including all types of surgery, sclerotherapy, laser, and radiofrequency ablation—can scar or discolor the skin.

      People whose deep veins are also damaged or who have problems with perforating veins, which connect the deep and superficial veins, may not be able to treat their varicose veins with conventional therapy, such as surgery or sclerotherapy. Tests, such as Doppler ultrasound, may help your doctor determine whether your varicose veins can be treated.

    What kind of grape is the most antioxidant rich?
    I'm eating black grapes right now, and I was wondering: Do they generally have more antioxidants than white (green) grapes? I heard somewhere the darker the grape the better.

    • ANSWER:
      The nutritional benefits of grapes are similar to those found in other berries. To receive the most nutrients from grapes, it's recommended that the seeds are also consumed. Grapes are very good sources of manganese and are also good sources of thiamin (vitamin B1), pyridoxine (vitamin B6), riboflavin (vitamin B2), vitamin C, and potassium.

      They are an excellent source of health promoting flavonoids. Usually, the stronger the color of the grape, the higher the concentration of flavonoids. Grape seed extracts are rich in flavonoids known as procyanolic oligomers, and have been widely used in treating varicose veins and other venous disorders. These flavonoids are very powerful antioxidants and have been shown to reverse atherosclerosis. In France grapes and grape products, such as wine, are consumed far more than they are in America. Studies have shown that even though the French eat a diet high in saturated fats and cholesterol they have a lower risk of heat disease than Americans.

    is there any ayurvedic medicine available for varicose?
    My son aged 27 years has the varicose problem.He occasionally gets headache and the blood carrying veins in the legs below the thighs are slightly thick .It may be paining but he never reveals. I wish to get him treated in your esteemed vaidyasala in case you recommend us to do so. PLEASE ADVISE.

    • ANSWER:
      sometimes its better to go to a doctor for a safe treatment,,,because i dont know what "vaidyasala" means,,,but i know some traditional treatment and professional treatments,,,,

      The wearing of graduated compression stockings with a pressure of 30–40 mmHg has been shown to correct the swelling, nutritional exchange, and improve the microcirculation in legs affected by varicose veins.They also often provide relief from the discomfort associated with this disease. Caution should be exercised in their use in patients with concurrent arterial disease.

      Sclerotherapy has been used in the treatment of varicose veins for over 150 years. It is often used for telangiectasias (spider veins) and varicose veins that persist or recur after vein stripping Sclerotherapy can also be performed using microfoam sclerosants under ultrasound guidance to treat larger varicose veins, including the greater and short saphenous veins.A study by Kanter and Thibault in 1996 reported a 76% success rate at 24 months in treating saphenofemoral junction and great saphenous vein incompetence with STS 3% solution.A Cochrane Collaboration review concluded sclerotherapy was better than surgery in the short term (1 year) for its treatment success, complication rate and cost, but surgery was better after 5 years, although the research is weak. A Health Technology Assessment found that sclerotherapy provided less benefit than surgery, but is likely to provide a small benefit in varicose veins without reflux. Complications of sclerotherapy are rare but can include blood clots and ulceration. Anaphylactic reactions are "extraordinarily rare but can be life-threatening," and doctors should have resuscitation equipment ready. There has been 1 reported case of stroke after ultrasound guided sclerotherapy when an unusually large dose of sclerosant foam was injected.

      Some doctors favor traditional open surgery, while others prefer newer methods. Newer methods for treating varicose veins, such as Endovenous Laser Treatment, radiofrequency ablation, and foam sclerotherapy are not as well studied, especially in the longer term.Open surgery has been performed for over a century. Complications include deep vein thrombosis (5.3%), pulmonary embolism (0.06%), and wound complications including infection (2.2%).

      Two prospective randomized trials found speedier recovery and fewer complications after radiofrequency obliteration (AKA radiofrequency ablation).. Myers wrote that open surgery for small saphenous vein reflux is obsolete. (The great saphenous vein is the vein that runs along the inside of the leg from ankle to groin; the small saphenous vein is the vein that runs along the back of the calf.) Myers said these veins should be treated with endovenous techniques, citing high recurrence rates after surgical management, and risk of nerve damage up to 15%. In comparison, radiofrequency ablation has been shown to control 80% of cases of small saphenous vein reflux at 4 years, said Myers.

      Endovenous laser and radiofrequency ablation require specialized training for doctors and expensive equipment. Doctors must use ultrasound during the procedure to see what they are doing. Follow-up treatment to smaller branch varicose veins is often needed in the weeks after the initial procedure. Some practitioners also perform traditional surgery at the time of endovenous treatment.

      Complications for radiofrequency ablation include bruising, burns, paraesthesia, clinical phlebitis, and slightly higher rates of deep vein thrombosis (0.57%) and pulmonary embolism (0.17%). Complications for endovenous laser treatment also include bruising (24%-100%), burns (4.8%), paraesthesia (1%-36.5%), and induration along the length of the saphenous vein (55-100%).

      Another concern in varicose vein surgery is the recurrence rate. For traditional surgery, reported recurrence rates, which have been tracked for 10 years, range from 5-60%. Because the new treatments haven't been studied that long, their recurrence rates aren't known that well. One 3-year study compared radiofrequency, with a recurrence rate of 33%, to open surgery, which had a recurrence rate of 23%. The longest study of endovenous laser ablation is 39 months.

    How dangerous is general anesthesia ?
    my mother is having a surgery soon ( varicose veins ) and i'm so worried
    i feel sick
    i'm worried about the anesthesia as well as for the surgery it self
    but is GA safe ?
    considering my mother is 15lb overweight,have asthma but not on medication now
    and does not smoke or drink
    i'm so worried about her i feel like i want to die =( i feel so horrible
    the anesthesilogist is a doctor who studied medicine in india and worked in UK for 5 years
    she is meeting him tomorrow

    • ANSWER:
      She'll do fine. She takes a bigger risk in driving to the hospital than she does in receiving a general anesthetic. She may also opt for a spinal anesthetic (my personal favorite) for VV surgery - that is something she can discuss with her anesthesiologist.

      15 lbs overweight is nothing. We routinely anesthetize people who are 150 lbs overweight, and that can present a challenge - 15 lbs is not a problem.

      If she has general anesthesia, the gases that we use to keep people asleep are bronchodilators - they make asthma better.

      You worrying needlessly isn't going to help your mom. Please stay away from her if you're going to act like that. I'm sick of seeing families getting patients upset when there is no need to. If you can be positive about it, then fine. Otherwise, do both of you a favor and see her afterward.

    Why do some men have a lower sperm count than others?
    Does a man with a low sperm count and, weak sperm have bad genetics?

    • ANSWER:
      The M.R. - men produce sperm on a continual basis. Therefore, what a man does on a daily basis can affect the sperm maturation process.

      Smoking, drinking, drugs, stress, poor nutrition and lack of exercise all can contribute to poor sperm quality. And, it was recently discovered, a man's sperm quality begins to decline around the age of 25. There are five main factors that contribute to overall sperm quality. They include sperm motility, speed, count, concentration and morphology (shape and size). A weakness in any of these areas can affect the chances of conception.

      According to the World Health Organization (1999), in a healthy male, greater than 25% of sperm will exhibit progressive motility. It is thought that these are the sperm with the best chance of successfully fertilizing an egg.

      Sperm count refers to the number of sperm in the fluid that is ejaculated (semen). There are over 40 million sperm in a normal ejaculate. A total count below 40 million may indicate decreased fertility.

      A healthy sperm cell will have a shape similar to a tadpole. The sperm's oval head contains the genetic material, the center provides energy and the tail propels the sperm forward.

      Typical causes of male subfertility
      *Sperm production problems
      *Blockages in the sperm's delivery system
      *Injuries to the testicles
      *Low or high hormone production
      *Anatomical problems
      *Varicocele (varicose veins around the testicle)
      *Past illnesses/ infections/ various diseases
      *Certain medications

      The shape and size of the sperm. A healthy sperm cell will have a shape similar to a tadpole. The sperm's oval head contains the genetic material, the center provides energy and the tail propels the sperm forward.

      Using the strict criteria put forth by the World Health Organization (1999), studies show lower pregnancy rates with less than 15% normal forms. Furthermore, experts believe that abnormally shaped sperm cannot fertilize an egg.

      Motility, speed and morphology appear to be the most important factors to assess the fertilizing capability of sperm. Despite a low sperm count, many men with high-quality (viable and highly mobile) sperm may still be fertile.

      I hope I have not bored you with too much info.

    Do you know any good lebanese jokes that are related to travel ?
    My question is related to traveling and lebanon so does it still count as a violation XD ?
    Anyway what are some of the best jokes you've ever heard ?

    • ANSWER:
      Please do not be offended:


      A woman with no arms and no legs is lying on the beach, and tells a passing man:

      - "Sir, no one have ever kissed me… could you please kiss me?"

      So the man kisses her.

      She asks another man:

      - "Sir, no one have ever screwed me… could you please screw me?"

      He throws her into the water and yells:

      - "Now you’re screwed!"


      Dwarfism is a big problem... Oh wait, no it isn't.


      I was down the pub last night when a dwarf walked in.
      I shouted, "Hey, short ****, where's the other six?"
      He said, "F**k off, I hate c-nts like you."
      He must have been Grumpy.


      Two guys are sitting at the bar, guy 1 turns to guy 2 and says, "I f*cked your mom!"
      The bar goes silent, and everyone turns and looks at the two guys.
      Once again guy 1 says, "I f*cked your mom!"
      To which guy 2 replies, "Shut up dad, you're drunk."


      These are disgusting:

      A brother and sister were having §ex.
      "You're better than dad!" said the sister, and the brother said "That's what mom said!!"

      Q:What is the best thing about having sex with 28 year old women?
      A:There are twenty of them....

      Q:What's the sexiest thing about 25 year olds?
      A:There's 20 of them.


      Common English breakfast:
      Shavings of pig flesh and aborted chicken fetus cooked in the liquefied body fat of a pig.
      (fried bacon & eggs.)


      This one appeared once in the religion section:
      Jesus walks into an inn and puts down some nails and says "Say, can you put me up for the night?"


      I used to have a friend with no legs. He died from a heroin addiction which he just couldn't kick.


      Q:How many Window Lickers does it take to change a light bulb?
      A:I'm not sure but wouldn't it be great to watch?


      Q:What do you call a man with no arms or legs who has fallen into the deep end of the swimming pool:
      A: Bob


      Q:What do you call a man with no arms or legs who has fallen into a pile of dead leaves?
      A: Russell


      Q:What's the difference between a Sandwich and a Baby?
      A:The sandwich doesn't scream when I put my meat in it.


      How many babies does it take to paint a house?
      Depends how hard you throw them.


      Your mama's like a happy meal small cheap and greasy

      Blonde terminology jokes:

      Anally -- occurring yearly
      Artery -- study of paintings
      Bacteria -- back door of cafeteria
      Barium -- what doctors do when treatment fails
      Bowel -- letter like A.E.I.O.U
      Caesarian section -- district in Rome
      Cat scan -- searching for kitty
      Cauterize -- Made eye contact with her
      Colic -- sheep dog
      Coma -- a punctuation mark
      Congenital -- friendly
      D&C -- where Washington is
      Diarrhea -- journal of daily events
      Dilate -- to live long
      Enema -- not a friend
      Fester -- quicker
      Fibula -- a small lie
      Genital -- non-Jewish
      G.I. Series -- soldiers' ball game
      Grippe -- suitcase
      Hangnail -- coat hook
      Impotent -- distinguished, well known
      Intense pain -- torture in a teepee
      Labour pain -- got hurt at work
      Medical staff -- doctor's cane
      Morbid -- higher offer
      Nitrate -- cheaper than day rate
      Node -- was aware of
      Outpatient -- person who had fainted
      Pap smear -- fatherhood test
      Pelvis -- cousin of Elvis
      Post operative -- letter carrier
      Protein -- favouring young people
      Rectum -- damn near killed 'em
      Recovery room -- place to do upholstery
      Rheumatic -- amorous
      Scar -- rolled tobacco leaf
      Secretion -- hiding anything
      Seizure -- Roman emperor
      Serology -- study of knighthood
      Tablet -- small tablet
      Terminal Illness -- sickness at airport
      Tibia -- country in North Africa
      Tumor -- an extra pair
      Urine -- opposite of you're out
      Varicose -- located nearby
      Vein -- conceited


      Little Johnny was in the garden filling in a hole when his neighbor peered over the fence. Interested in what the cheeky-faced youngster was doing, he politely asked, "What are you up to there, Johhny?" "Well, my goldfish died," replied Johnny tearfully, without looking up,"and I've just buried him." The neighbour was concerned, "That's an awfully big hole for a goldfish, isn't it?" Johnny patted down the last heap of earth then replied...
      "That's because he's inside your cat!


      I can be so evil. Hahah.

    What is varicocele and how can I deal with it?
    I have had this on my head for a couple of days and I can't help not being down each time I think this over.
    A very good friend of mine has recently been operated for varicocele and according to all other references i have the same illness, my have been feling a certain pain there for quite a while and now it all adds up!
    I could use some advice please, firstly, by having this "varicocele" can my sperm become sterile, or what other implications does it have to my general health?
    Secondly, can it be treated without an operation? If so, why do I have to do because I really prefere not being cut!:)
    And finally, if i have to be operated, is the pariscopic surgery safer and better or should i go fr the old fashioned belly cutting :)))
    Look foreward to hearing from you, thanks!

    • ANSWER:
      A varicocele is a collection of enlarged (dilated) veins (blood vessels) in the scrotum. It occurs next to and above one or both of the testes (testicles).

      The affected veins are those that travel in the spermatic cord. The spermatic cord is like a 'tube' that goes from each testis up towards the lower abdomen. You can feel the spermatic cord above each testis in the upper part of the scrotum. The spermatic cord contains the vas deferens (the tube that carries sperm from the testes to the penis), blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, and nerves.

      Normally, you cannot see or feel the veins in the spermatic cord that carry the blood from the testes. If you have a varicocele, the veins become bigger (they enlarge or dilate) and this makes them more prominent. It is similar to varicose veins of the legs. The size of a varicocele can vary. A large varicocele is sometimes said to look and feel like 'a bag of worms' in the scrotum.

      Who gets a varicocele?

      Varicoceles are common. About 1 in 7 men develop a varicocele - usually between the ages of 15 and 25. In about half of cases the varicocele is on the left hand side. In just under half of cases there is one on both sides. In a small number of cases it is on the right side. The reason why most occur on the left side is because of the different route the left veins takes out of the scrotum compared to the right.

      What are the symptoms?
      Varicoceles are usually painless and usually cause no symptoms. Some men may notice a 'dragging' feeling or slight discomfort from their varicocele. This may only occur at the end of a day, especially if you are on your feet all day. The size of a varicocele varies from case to case. Some cannot be seen, only felt. Some are large and can be easily seen. If you lie down, the blood from the veins drains away and the varicocele may seem to disappear. On standing, gravity will cause the blood to pool again and the varicocele reappears.

      Are varicoceles serious?

      Usually not. In themselves they are usually harmless. Causes of concern include the following:

      Possible cause of infertility
      Studies have shown that there is a higher rate of infertility in men with a varicocele compared to those who did not have a varicocele. It is thought that the pooled blood causes a slightly higher temperature in the scrotum than normal. This may reduce the number and quality of sperm made by the testis which can reduce fertility. Even if you have a varicocele only on one side, both testes can be warmed by the increased amount of blood pooled in the enlarged veins.

      However, most men with varicoceles are not infertile. It is just that the chance of being infertile is increased if you have a varicocele.

      Small testis
      The testis on the side of the varicocele may become smaller, or not develop as much as the other side. This may contribute to infertility too.

      Sudden onset of a varicocele in an older man
      Rarely, a varicocele is a symptom of a blockage of a larger vein in the abdomen (see below).

      What causes varicoceles?

      In most cases, the reason why the veins become larger is because the valves of the small veins in the scrotum do not function well. At intervals along the veins are one-way valves. The valves open to allow blood to flow towards the heart, but close when blood tends to flow backwards.

    I have heard grape leaves can help with infections. Is the rough side for drawing and the smooth side to heal?
    Infections like ulcerated sores have responded to direct grape leaf applications. I cannot remember if the rough side is for drawing the infection and the smooth side for healing or the other way around. Any other advice on application methods etc would be appreciated.

    • ANSWER:
      The seeds and skin of red grapes are chock full of potent antioxidant flavonoids and phytochemicals that may rival vitamin C and vitamin E in their ability to help the body heal itself and fight off infection and aging. The most potent of these, proanthocyanidins, are believed to be the key compound that gives red wine its antioxidant effect.

      Proanthocyanidins help improve circulation, which can lead to improvement in such diverse disorders as macular degeneration, diabetic neuropathy, cataracts, varicose veins and thrombosis, and even impotence. Proanthocyanidins also seem to help suppress the production of prostglandins, which can be helpful in treating chronic pain and in promoting healing.

      These benefits are not news to practitioners of herbal medicine. Wine has been touted as a healing elixir for thousands of years, though it’s only recently that scientists have come to agree that moderate consumption of wine has beneficial effects on the heart and cholesterol levels. Grape leaves and vines have been used in traditional healing to help stop bleeding and inflammation, and grapes themselves were used to help soothe sore throats, relieve constipation and alleviate the symptoms of many skin conditions.

      What Grape Seed Extract Does:

      Grape seed extract contains a number of chemical compounds that work at a cellular level to help promote healing in the body. These include proanthocyanadins, which work as antioxidants and scavenge free radicals in the bloodstream. Grape seed extract also is a highly concentrated source of Vitamin E, linoleic acid and the astringent tannins, which seems to promote healthy digestive functioning. In addition, there is some evidence that grape seed extract helps skin wounds heal faster, and encourages stronger capillary growth.

      Health Benefits of Grape Seed Extract:

      Grapes have historically been used to treat a wide variety of ills. Most recently, scientists have turned their attention to the flavonoids and procyanidins in grape seeds and skins. Among the most recent research are studies undertaken at universities around the country to measure the healing, anti-cholesterol and other health and nutritional uses of grape seed extract.

      Promotes healing of wounds

      In two related studies funded by the National Institutes of Health, researchers found that wounds treated with grape seed extract showed considerably better and faster healing than those allowed to heal with no intervention. Specifically, according to one of the researchers, the skin treated with grape seed extract contained more tenascin, a protein that is used to build connective tissues in skin. The scar tissue was denser and contained more capillaries in the skin treated with grape seed extract, which, said researchers, is a sign of healthier healing.

      May lower levels of LDL cholesterol

      In a study undertaken at Georgetown University Medical Center, researchers gave 40 participants supplements of grape seed extract and chromium. At the end of the study, researchers found significant decreases in LDL (“bad” cholesterol) in the blood.

      May help prevent certain cancers.

      A study reported in the December 2004 issue of the Journal of Nutrition reported that grape seed extract in combination with a diet that derived most of its protein from soy and other vegetable sources showed cancer preventive properties. More specifically, rats who received grape seed extract with a high-soy-protein diet showed a 50% reduction in tumor multiplicity. The researchers suggested the possibility of grape seed extract working synergistically with soy isoflavones.

      Stimulates the immune system

      A paper published by the American Society for Microbiology in 2002 stated that grape seed extract had increased the production of interferon, a glycoprotein produced by the body in response to viral or bacterial infection. Interferon suppresses infection by preventing the replication of infected cells.

      Reduces high blood pressure

      In at least one study, grape seed extract reduced the blood pressure of healthy mice. Further studies are being done to see if grape seed extract has the same effect on humans.

      Possible Side Effects of Grape Seed Extract:

      At recommended dosages, grape seed extract shows no harmful side effects. It is suggested that pregnant and breastfeeding women avoid taking supplements with grape seed extract as a precaution.


      With thousands of years of historic tradition and recent laboratory research behind it, grape seed extract shows a lot of promise in keeping your immune system healthy and your cholesterol low. One of the most interesting things to note is the fact that more than one study has found merit in the idea of grape seed extract working synergistically with other nutrients. It’s especially notable in light of the fact that it seems to work synergistically with vegetable proteins – but not with animal proteins. It may explain the so-called ‘French Paradox’ and healthy profiles of those Mediterraneans who eat diets high in fat, but still have healthy hearts.

      Regardless, it fits our own belief that no single supplement is a cure-all for anything. Health depends on a diet that provides all the nutrients your body needs, in the right amounts. Because so many different nutrients work best in combination with others, we feel that it’s best to take a high quality health supplement that offers a full spectrum of benefits from many nutrients. Our own preference is Xtend-Life Product’s Total Balance, a carefully formulated supplement that is designed to work synergistically – not only within itself but with other nutritional supplements and with the food that you eat each day. Because Xtend-Life takes its commitment to health seriously, they employ their own research department to ensure that all of their products work as they say. The GMP seal on the label proves that they also have a commitment to producing all of their products to exacting standards, so we know that we’re getting exactly what the label says.

    How to prepare the perfect sticky wax for hair removal by waxing?

    • ANSWER:
      Warm MOOM to honey consistency by placing the open jar of MOOM in centre of you microwave unit & heating it for 10 seconds at a time. As the strength of microwaves vary, ALWAYS test temperature before use. MOOM should never be hot, it can cause serious burns and it will not work. You can also use a pot of boiling water; ensure the water does not come up higher than halfway up the jar.

      Wash and dry skin completely before application to remove any dirt, makeup or lotions.

      Following the direction of hair growth, apply paper-thin layer of MOOM on the area, immediately place MOOM fabric strip on top, leaving the end of the strip free for a firm grip.

      Rub your hand over strip rapidly 3 times to adhere it well.

      Holding the skin taut below strip with one hand zip the fabric quickly in opposite direction of hair growth, keeping the strip as close & parallel to the skin as possible.

      Being water-soluble makes MOOM a great and easy product to use: if you've applied MOOM in the wrong area, simply wash it off, dry your skin and try again.


      Have a damp cloth handy for cleaning hands during MOOMing.

      It is a good idea to lay a towel beneath you to keep your work area clean. If you do spill MOOM anywhere, you can easily clean it up with a moist towel.

      Study direction of hair growth before you start.

      Always spread MOOM IN DIRECTION of hair growth and remove the strip IN OPPOSITE DIRECTION. Always pull strip off in one quick motion parallel to the skin along itself. The faster you pull the fabric strip the better the results. Do not peel or pull off slowly.

      2 week rule: previously shaved hair is strong & resistant. Wait approximately 2 weeks for a 1/4'' (0.5 cm) growth before first use.

      The thinner the layer of MOOM, the better the results.

      The same strip may be used 2-3 times.

      The speed with which you remove the strip is key to perfect hair removal. The faster the strip is removed the better the results.

      Warm product for an easier, more pleasant experience, do not make it hot.

      CAUTION :

      If you are using Alpha Hydroxy, Retinol, or Glycolic Acid Products regularly, consult your physician before using any hair removal product.

      Do not use on sunburned, irritated or injured skin.

      Avoid varicose veins, moles and warts.

      Always do a patch test on area to be MOOMed & wait a few hours. If no irritation occurs, continue with the rest of the area.

      Always test the temperature of your MOOM before use.

      It should NEVER exceed 110°F (42°C). MOOM SHOULD NOT BE HOT LIKE WAX.


      Do not pull the strip up and away from the skin.

      Always keep the skin taut during hair removal.

      If you are a first-time user, some skin sensitivity may occur, but it will decrease with subsequent use as hair weakens. The skin may turn pink & spotty after hair removal, but should disappear within a few hours.

      HINT: in hot weather or when perspiring, apply talc sparingly

    What is the best medicine for varicose vein?

    • ANSWER:
      There are a couple of options available. [1]

      Micronized Diosmin
      Horse Chestnut
      Vitamin C

      The key is to increase circulation and strengthen and support the small capillaries that carry the blood through your body. The science bears this out as you can see in the following study. [2] Here is one particularly revealing quote: "Diosmine and other flavane derivatives have been shown beneficial in this condition". The various supplements should also work when taken together so if you wanted to try even 2 or 3 of the supplements to see if you can get quicker results it might be worth your time.

    what are 101 ways to use a esrog or a lemon?

    • ANSWER:
      LEMON - (Citrus limon) has antiseptic-like properties and contains compounds that have been studied for their effects on immune function.

      1. Use 6 drops of Lemon oil and 6 drops of Purification oil in a squirt bottle mixed with distilled water to use in the bathroom as an air freshener.

      2. Use 1-2 drops of Lemon oil to remove gum, oil, grease spots or crayon.

      3. Use 1 drop of Lemon oil to add flavor to baked goods or beverages.

      4. For homemade lemonade, in a blender mix 2 drops of Lemon oil, 2 tablespoons of honey and two cups of pure water. Adjust the amount of each ingredient to suit your own taste.

      5. Rub a drop of Lemon oil on a corn, callous or bunion mornings and evenings.

      6. To clean and increase the shelf life of fresh fruit, fill a bowl with cool water and 2-3 drops of Lemon oil. Drop your cleaned fruit into the water and stir. Be sure all surfaces of the fruit contact the lemon water.

      7. Add 2-3 drops of Lemon oil to water and spray counter tops to sterilize them.

      8. Soak your dishcloth overnight in a bowl of water and a drop of Lemon oil to disinfect and kill germs.

      9. Add a drop of Lemon oil to your dishwasher before the wash cycle.

      10. Rub a drop of Lemon oil on your hands after using a public bathroom.

      11. Use a paper towel soaked with several drops of Lemon oil to sanitize bathroom fixtures.

      12. Place a drop of Lemon oil on cold sores, herpes or other mouth ulcers to lessen pain and aid healing.
      13. Put a drop of Lemon oil on bleeding gums caused by gingivitis or tooth extraction.

      14. Put a drop of Lemon oil on oily skin or acne to balance sebaceous glands (oil glands).

      15. Rub several drops of Lemon oil on cellulite to improve circulation and help eliminate waste from the cells.

      16. Rub two drops of Lemon oil topically to clear athlete's foot.

      17. Rub several drops of Lemon oil on varicose veins to improve circulation and relieve pressure on the veins.

      18. Rub a drop of Lemon oil on a wart morning and night until it disappears.

      19. Rub a drop of Lemon oil to clean a butcher's block or other cutting surfaces.

      20. Put 10-15 drops of Lemon oil in each gallon of carpet cleaning solution to help pull out stains and brighten the rug. This also leaves a fresh smell in the room.

      I know it isnt 101 but I hope it helps you out

      Good luck

    Should you go to the doctor if you know you have a variocele?
    can it be bad if you dont go get it checked out?

    • ANSWER:
      A varicocele is a collection of varicose veins of the spermatic cord (the rope-like structure that suspends each testicle). They occur in about 15% of the population. More than 90% occur on the left, 5% on the right and the rest are bilateral. Varicoceles are due to a defective valve in the vein that drains blood from the testicle. They fill by gravity and therefore are not detectable while recumbent but apparent when upright. On examination, the lesion feels like a bag of worms. Small varicoceles may only be detected by imaging studies such as ultrasound. A varicocele that does not disappear when lying down may indicate a tumor in the abdomen (but this is quite unusual). Varicoceles are generally painless. Often men present to the doctor with pain in the testicle and the varicocele is discovered at that time. In my experience, the pain is very rarely due to the vairicoele and usually due to prostatitis (an inflammation of the prostate gland). In other words, the varicocele is an incidental and unrelated condition. Varcioceles may cause an infertility problem manifest by lower sperm counts and increased numbers of immature sperm in the semen on analysis. However, the majority of men with varicoceles do NOT have infertility. Of men who have abnormal semen analyses and varicoceles, in about 70% of them, the 2 are related and fixing the varicolele often will improve their fertility. If a teenager or young man with a varicocele has a smaller than normal testicles on that side, there is an increase risk of infertility and many urologists consider this an indication to fix the varicocele surgically.

    How do you georgia fans like the bama game so far?
    roll tide.

    to watch alabama beat georgia.

    • ANSWER:
      I graduated from The University of Alabama and will always be a proud Bama fan.


      Artery-The study of fine paintings
      Barium- What you do when CPR fails
      Cesarean Section- A district in Rome
      Colic- A sheep dog
      Coma- A punctuation mark
      Congenital- Friendly
      Dilate- To live longer
      Fester- Quicker
      G.I. Series- Baseball games between teams of soldiers
      Grippe- A suitcase
      Hangnail- A coat hook
      Medical Staff- A doctor's cane
      Minor Operation- Coal digging
      Morbid- A higher offer
      Nitrate- Lower than the day rate
      Node- Was aware of
      Organic- Musical
      Outpatient- A person who has fainted
      Post-operative- A letter carrier
      Protein- In favor of young people
      Secretion- Hiding anything
      Serology- Study of English knighthood
      Tablet- A small table
      Tumor- An extra pair
      Urine- Opposite of you're out
      Varicose veins- Veins which are very close together

      Roll Tide, Roll!

    What are side effects if you take DAFLON 500Mg tablets twice per day for varicose vein problem?

    • ANSWER:
      Treatment may not be required unless the condition is painful or is causing skin ulcers. Frequent rest periods and raising the legs whenever possible to increase the blood flow, avoiding prolonged standing or sitting, and regular exercise help with leg swelling and pain. Compression bandages and stockings are available that help minimize the symptoms.

      If symptoms are severe or a person finds the appearance of the veins unacceptable, varicose veins surgery may be an option. In this the dilated, tortuous veins are removed after tying their connection with the normal veins. In the most common operation the larger veins in the thigh are removed by the use of a 'stripper' device inserted into the veins. The many smaller veins in the leg below the knee are removed through a number of very small cuts, which leave only tiny wounds.

      There is a new device available which a surgeon can insert into the veins, which obliterates the veins from the inside; they then do not need to be removed. The results of this new treatment are being studied, and it looks very promising. At the moment this treatment is only available in few hospitals in some countries.

      If the main problem is the formation of leg ulcers, then skilful application of pressure bandages will almost always lead to complete healing, though this takes a long time.

    Cramps in legs during the night?
    Why is my partner waking up during the night with cramps in his legs.
    He has been getting them quite often but last night woke up with both legs in pain.
    Bad enough with 1 leg not 2.
    All great answers thanks just to let you all know he's a farmer who shears a lot of sheap so muscles prob worked too much but have taken everything on board.
    Thanks a million

    • ANSWER:

      What are LEG CRAMPS?
      - Cramp is a term often used to refer to a painful, involuntary contraction of a single muscle or a muscle group.
      - Leg cramps frequently occur in the legs of elderly patients and can be extremely painful.
      - Severe leg cramps my be followed by residual tenderness and evidence of muscle fiber necrosis, including elevation of serum creatinine kinase.
      - Cramps in the calf muscles are so common as to be considered normal, but more generalized cramps may be a sign of chronic disease of the motor neuron.
      - Complaints of muscle pain and muscle fatigue are among the most frequent symptoms offered by patients. The decision as to which patients require extensive diagnostic tests can usually be made by history, examination, and routine blood studies.
      - Muscle cramps can be particularly troublesome during pregnancy, in patients with electrolyte disturbances (hyponatremia), and in patients on hemodialysis.
      - Spasms (abnormal movements of muscle) may arise from abnormal electrical activity of the central nervous system (CNS) mediated via the motor neuron or occur within the motor neuron or muscle fiber itself.

      Causes of LEG CRAMPS
      - In many cases, it is impossible to determine the cause of the leg cramps.
      - Muscle cramps can arise from spontaneous firing of special nerve groups followed by contraction of certain muscle fibers.
      - Cramps that are recurrent and localized to one muscle group may suggest nerve root disease.

      Treatment of LEG CRAMPS
      - The decision to treat a patient with leg cramps depends on the severity and degree of impairment.
      - If the pain is mild and self-limiting, topical and/or oral non-prescription analgesics may be appropriate. (Specific products may be recommended by a physician or pharmacist.)
      - For more severe pain or if the pain is referred, the patient should see their physician for further evaluation.
      - Quinine Sulfate is usually the prescription drug of choice for leg cramps.
      Alternative names

      Pain - leg; Aches - leg; Cramps - leg

      Leg pain is a common symptom and complaint. For more specific topics, see foot pain, hip pain, knee pain, muscle pain, joint pain, shin splints, and blockage of leg arteries.

      Common Causes

      Leg pain can be due to a muscle cramp (also called a charley horse). Common causes of cramps include:

      Muscle fatigue or strain from overuse, too much exercise, or holding a muscle in the same position for a long time
      Dehydration or low amounts of potassium, sodium, calcium, or magnesium in the blood
      Medications such as:
      Diuretics, which can cause you to lose too much fluid or minerals
      Statins, which lower cholesterol
      An injury can also cause leg pain from:

      A torn or overstretched muscle (strain)
      Inflamed tendon (tendinitis)
      Shin splints -- pain in the front of your leg related to overuse or repetitive pounding
      Hairline crack in the bone (stress fracture)
      Other common causes of leg pain include:

      Blood clot (deep vein thrombosis) from prolonged bed rest
      Atherosclerosis (plaque buildup) that blocks blood flow in the arteries (this type of pain, called claudication, is generally felt when exercising or walking and relieved by rest)
      Inflammation of the leg joints by arthritis or gout
      Nerve damage -- common in diabetics, smokers, and alcoholics (symptoms include numbness, tingling, or a sensation of pins-and-needles)
      Infection of the bone (osteomyelitis) or skin and soft tissue (cellulitis)
      Varicose veins
      Less common causes include:

      Slipped capital femoral epiphysis -- usually seen in boys and overweight children between 11 and 15 years old, this refers to a separation of the ball of the hip joint from the thigh bone. It causes pain and growth abnormalities.
      Legg-Calve-Perthes disease -- poor blood flow to the hip that may stop or slow the normal growth of the leg. This condition usually affects boys between 4 and 10 years old.
      Benign tumors or cysts of the femur or tibia (osteoid osteoma).
      Malignant bone tumors (osteosarcoma, Ewing sarcoma).
      Drugs such as allopurinol and corticosteroids.
      Sciatic nerve pain (radiating pain down the leg) caused by a slipped disk in the back.
      Home Care

      If you have leg pain from cramps or overuse, take these steps first:

      Rest as much as possible.
      Elevate your leg.
      Apply ice for up to 15 minutes. Do this 4 times per day, more often for the first few days.
      Gently stretch and massage cramping muscles.
      Take over-the-counter pain medications like acetaminophen or ibuprofen.
      For leg pain caused by varicose veins, leg elevation and compression with elastic bandages or support hose can help.

      For leg pain caused by nerve disorders or claudication, control diabetes, eliminate alcohol and tobacco, and avoid ill-fitting shoes.

      Call your health care provider if

      Call your doctor if:

      The painful leg is swollen or red.
      You have a fever.
      Your pain worsens when walking or exercising and improves with rest.
      The leg is black and blue.
      The leg is cold and pale.
      You are on medications that may be causing leg pain. DO NOT stop or change any of your usual medications without talking to your doctor.
      Self-care steps do not help.
      What to expect at your health care provider's office Return to top

      Your health care provider will perform a physical examination, with careful attention to your legs, feet, thighs, hips, back, knees, and ankles.

      To help diagnose the cause of the problem, your doctor will ask medical history questions, such as:

      Where exactly is your pain?
      Do you have pain in one or both legs?
      How would you describe the pain? Dull and aching? Sharp and stabbing? Do you consider it to be severe?
      Is the pain worse at any particular time of day, like in the morning or at night?
      What makes the pain feel worse? For example, does exercise or long periods of standing worsen your pain?
      Does anything make your pain feel better like elevating your legs?
      Do you have any other symptoms like numbness or tingling? Back pain? A fever? Weakness?
      The following diagnostic tests may be performed:

      Duplex Doppler/ultrasound exam to look for a blood clot
      X-ray of your back or legs
      MRI if a malignant tumor is suspected
      Bone biopsy if tumor is seen on MRI which may be malignant
      Bone scan
      Blood tests for specific diseases
      Arteriogram to check blood flow
      Treatment depends on the cause. Medications may include pain medicines, anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), anticoagulants (blood thinners) such as Coumadin if there is a blood clot, and others. Cellulitis and osteomyelitis are each treated with antibiotics. Osteomyelitis will require extended use of antibiotics.

      For some causes of leg pain, physical therapy may be recommended by your doctor. If you have a blocked artery, inserting a balloon catheter into the artery to improve blood flow may be advised.


      To prevent claudication and nerve damage:

      Don't smoke or use tobacco.
      Limit how much alcohol you drink.
      Keep your blood sugars under good control if you have diabetes.
      Reduce other heart disease risk factors, including high cholesterol and high blood pressure.
      To prevent overuse injuries, like shin splints, muscle cramps, and other causes of leg pain:

      Warm up before physical activity and cool down afterward. Be sure to stretch.
      Drink plenty of fluids throughout the day, especially before, during, and after exercise.

    Has anyone had varicose veins cauterized or stripped.?
    I had a varicose vein rupture in my leg. Still waiting for the results of the venous insufficiency study to come back. The Dr. talked about cauterizing or stripping veins, as I have more varicose in the same leg. Anyone had this done, if so what was your expierence with the procedure.

    • ANSWER:
      v-nus closure is a common surgery. The procedure has come a long way in recent years. The surgery is done as an outpatient, and recovery is fairly quick. Oral pain meds will keep you comfortable. Post op - stay off your feet, elevate and wear the ace wrap as prescribed.

    Fish Oil with Omega-3 Fatty Acids...What is it for? ?
    Someone suggested that I use these pills. I want to know what is it actually for?
    Where can I get it?
    And are there any side effects?

    • ANSWER:
      [edit] Health benefits
      On September 8, 2004, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration gave "qualified health claim" status to eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) n−3 fatty acids, stating that "supportive but not conclusive research shows that consumption of EPA and DHA [n−3] fatty acids may reduce the risk of coronary heart disease."[2] This updated and modified their health risk advice letter of 2001 (see below).

      People with certain circulatory problems, such as varicose veins, benefit from fish oil. Fish oil stimulates blood circulation, increases the breakdown of fibrin, a compound involved in clot and scar formation, and additionally has been shown to reduce blood pressure.[3][4] There is strong scientific evidence that n−3 fatty acids significantly reduce blood triglyceride levels[5][6][7][8] and regular intake reduces the risk of secondary and primary heart attack.[9][10][11][12]

      Some benefits have been reported in conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis[13][14] and cardiac arrhythmias.[15][16][17]

      There is a promising preliminary evidence that n-3 fatty acids supplementation might be helpful in cases of depression[18][19] and anxiety.[20][21] Studies report highly significant improvement from n-3 fatty acids supplementation alone and in conjunction with medication.[22]

      Some research suggests that fish oil intake may reduce the risk of ischemic and thrombotic stroke.[23][24][25] However, very large amounts may actually increase the risk of hemorrhagic stroke (see below). Lower amounts are not related to this risk,[25] 3 grams of total EPA/DHA daily are considered safe with no increased risk of bleeding involved[26] and many studies used substantially higher doses without major side effects (for example: 4.4 grams EPA/2.2 grams DHA in 2003 study).[18]

      Several studies report possible anti-cancer effects of n−3 fatty acids (particularly breast, colon and prostate cancer).[27][28][29] No clear conclusion can be drawn at this time, however.

      A 2006 report in the Journal of the American Medical Association concluded that their review of literature covering cohorts from many countries with a wide variety of demographic characteristics demonstrating a link between n−3 fatty acids and cancer prevention gave mixed results.[30] This is similar to the findings of a review by the British Medical Journal of studies up to February 2002 that failed to find clear effects of long and shorter chain n−3 fats on total mortality, combined cardiovascular events and cancer.[31]

      In 1999, the GISSI-Prevenzione Investigators reported in the Lancet, the results of major clinical study in 11,324 patients with a recent myocardial infarction. Treatment 1 gram per day of n−3 fatty acids reduced the occurrence of death, cardiovascular death and sudden cardiac death by 20%, 30% and 45% respectively.[32] These beneficial effects were seen already from three months onwards.[33]

      In April 2006, a team led by Lee Hooper at the University of East Anglia in Norwich, UK, published a review of almost 100 separate studies into n−3 fatty acids, found in abundance in oily fish. It concluded that they do not have a significant protective effect against cardiovascular disease.[34] This meta-analysis was controversial and stands in stark contrast with two different reviews also performed in 2006 by the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition[35] and a second JAMA review[36] that both indicated decreases in total mortality and cardiovascular incidents (i.e. myocardial infarctions) associated with the regular consumption of fish and fish oil supplements. In addition n−3 has shown to aid in other mental disorders such as aggression and ADHD (Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder).[37][38]

      Several studies published in 2007 have been more positive. In the March 2007 edition of the journal Atherosclerosis, 81 Japanese men with unhealthy blood sugar levels were randomly assigned to receive 1800 mg daily of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA — an n−3 essential fatty acid from fish oil) with the other half being a control group. The thickness of the carotid arteries and certain measures of blood flow were measured before and after supplementation. This went on for approximately two years. A total of 60 patients (30 in the EPA group and 30 in the control group) completed the study. Those given the EPA had a statistically significant decrease in the thickness of the carotid arteries along with improvement in blood flow. The authors indicated that this was the first demonstration that administration of purified EPA improves the thickness of carotid arteries along with improving blood flow in patients with unhealthy blood sugar levels.[39]

      In another study published in the American Journal of Health System Pharmacy March 2007, patients with high triglycerides and poor coronary artery health were given 4 grams a day of a combination of EPA and DHA along with some monounsaturated fatty acids. Those patients with very unh

    How effective is grapeseed to one's health?

    • ANSWER:
      Results from a number of studies indicate that grape seed may be useful in relieving a number of conditions including vision difficulty, chronic venous insufficiency, lymphedema, varicose veins, cancer, premenstrual syndrome, dental cavities, and variety of circulatory disorders.
      Grape seed has been used in connection with chronic venous insufficiency (caused by damaged valves in the veins carrying blood to the heart), varicose veins, spider veins, and severe blood clotting and may also help keep veins and other blood vessels from leaking. This blood vessel strengthening effect of grape seed extract may help to prevent and relieve hemorrhoids as well. Since it strengthens the walls of all blood vessels, grape seed extract may also be effective for slowing retinopathy, the gradual break down of the retinas in the eyes. Individuals with arteriosclerosis (a build up of fat deposits in the arteries), diabetes, or other conditions that increase the likelihood for damage to the small blood vessels in the eyes are more likely to have serious vision problems as a result of that damage. Grape seed extract may also reduce eye stress caused by bright lights. In studies of laboratory animals, it has shown some possible effectiveness in preventing cataract formation, but further study is needed to determine whether this effect may pertain to humans.
      Especially, noteworthy were the results of one study where a number of women with chronic venous insufficiency experienced reduced symptoms after supplementing with 150 mg per day.

    What about blood clots in your legs?
    What is the maneuver that they perform to test whether or not a person might be at risk for developingi a blood clot in their leg

    • ANSWER:
      Understanding Deep Vein Thrombosis
      (DVT = Blood Clot, Usually in the Leg)
      DVT & PE Risks, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Prevention, & Treatment
      Stuart T. Haines, Pharm.D., BCPS
      March 2004
      Updated May, 2006 by Henry I. Bussey, Pharm.D. & Jan., 2007 by Marie B. Walker

      Deep Vein Thrombosis
      A deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a potentially deadly condition caused by a blood clot that forms in a vein - most commonly the deep veins in the legs. This clot formation can happen if the vein is damaged or if the blood flow in the vein is slow or stops. DVT can cause pain and swelling in the leg, but many times it produces no symptoms. If the clot breaks off and travels in the bloodstream, it can cause damage to the lungs. When a blood clot travels to the lungs, it is called a pulmonary embolism (PE). A PE often causes shortness of breath and chest pain. If the lung damage is severe, it can kill people very quickly, even before treatment can be given. For this reason, every effort should be made to prevent a DVT before it happens. Although there are several effective methods to prevent blood clots, a recent study found that more than one-half of patients who developed a DVT in the hospital did not receive any of these preventive methods. For more information on this study, go to the DVT Prophylaxis page of our site.

      Although you may have never heard about it before, DVT is a common medical problem. It is estimated that 2 million people in the United States develop a DVT every year -- many of them don't even know it. Of those who develop a pulmonary embolism, up to 200,000 die each year, which is more than die annually in the US from breast cancer and AIDS combined.

      Who gets a DVT?
      Some people are more prone to getting blood clots in the leg. The chances of getting a DVT increase as we age and doubles with each decade of life over the age of 40. For example, someone who is 80 years old is twice as likely to get a DVT as someone who is 70 years old and 16 times more likely than someone who is 40 years old. People who have had a DVT in the past are at a much higher risk of getting another DVT. Additionally, some people inherit conditions from their parents that make them more prone to forming blood clots.

      Other factors that increase the risk of getting a DVT include:

      •major surgery under general anesthesia, especially if it involves leg joints or a hip
      •varicose veins
      •prolonged bed rest and immobility
      •heart or lung problems that require hospitalization
      •major injuries
      •leg paralysis
      •pregnancy and childbirth
      •estrogen containing contraceptive pills, patch, or vaginal ring
      •estrogen replacement therapy
      •long-distance travel
      Symptoms of a DVT
      When a blood clot forms, it can either partially or totally block the flow of blood in the vein. Smaller blood clots that partially block blood flow may cause only mild symptoms or none at all. Larger blood clots that block blood flow usually cause:

      •leg swelling
      •leg pain -- often worse when standing or walking
      •leg warmth and redness
      Problems caused by a DVT
      A small blood clot below the knee is unlikely to cause symptoms or complications. However, if a clot extends or forms above the knee, it may break away, travel in the blood, and block a blood vessel in the lung. A clot that blocks a blood vessel in the lung is called a pulmonary embolism (PE). People who get a PE may develop sudden shortness of breath, coughing, or chest pain. Depending on the size of the clot, a PE can be life-threatening.

      DVTs frequently damage the valves in the leg veins. Valves in the leg veins help blood to flow upward toward the heart and prevent blood from flowing backward toward the feet. When these valves become damaged by DVT, the blood pools in the leg instead of flowing upwards toward the heart. This pooling of blood can cause chronic leg swelling and pain, as well as skin changes and leg sores. This condition is called the post-thrombotic syndrome. The pain from post-thrombotic syndrome often remains even after you have stopped taking warfarin and/or after a clot has dissolved. Click here to learn more about post-thrombotic syndrome.

      Diagnosing a DVT
      If a DVT is suspected, a physician must order tests to determine if a blood clot is present in the leg. The most common tests used to determine if there is a DVT are:

      •a d-Dimer test (to learn more about the d-Dimer test, click here)
      •an ultrasound scan of the legs - This test is very good for identifying large clots above the knee in patients who have symptoms, but it may not be that good in identifying small clots below the knee in patients who have little or no symptoms.
      •blood samples to check for clotting problems (such as inherited biochemical conditions that may increase one's risk of developing a DVT)
      •a venogram - This test is the "gold standard" for confirming a clot inside a vein, but it involves injecting a dye into the veins in the foot and the

    how do you get rid of streach marks?
    ive tried cocao butter what els any ideas ?

    • ANSWER:


      Pentaxyl™ - Single Tube (4 fl. oz./120 ml)

      Primary Benefits:

      Works on both the epidermis and the dermis
      Contains Three Peptide formulas
      Matrixyl® is based on wound healing and tricks the skin to produce its own collagen
      Reduces the severity of wrinkles and furrows (especially in the brow, forehead and eye areas)
      Increases skin firmness and thickness
      Reduces skin discolorations and increases hydration
      Improves skin texture and color
      Reduces the appearance of stretch marks.

      Key Ingredients:

      Acetyl Hexapeptide-3

      Acetyl Hexapeptide-3 is clinically proven to reduce wrinkles on the forehead and eyes caused by facial expression muscles by disrupting nerve signals to the skin and reducing the release of cathecholamines (neurotransmitters). Acetyl Hexapeptide-3 is a unique blend of 3 amino acids glutamic acid, argireline and methionine.

      Proteins have been recognized for their importance in skin care products, especially in moisturizers. Peptides are two or more amino acids linked together, which form the basic building blocks of proteins. Proteins are essential to young, wrinkle-free skin.

      Palmitoyl Oligopeptide

      Palmitoyl Oligopeptide stimulates both collagen production and glycosaminoglycan synthesis, providing skin firming and anti-wrinkle properties. It also works to thicken and firm the skin.

      Studies have shown that these bio-peptides stimulate cellular growth and increase collagen production, the most essential skin protein. These peptides were also shown to increase fibronectin and hyaluronic acid, which are natural occurring substances responsible for skin strength, elasticity and firmness. Palmitoyl oligopeptide showed a decrease in wrinkle length, a decrease in wrinkle depth, an increase in collagen production, and an increase in glycosaminoglycan production.

      Centella Asiatica (Gotu Kola) & Coneflower Extracts

      Centella Asiatica and coneflower extracts provide soothing and anti-inflammatory properties in the skin.

      Gotu Kola is a vine-like plant native to India and Southeast Asia. In India and Indonesia, gotu kola has a long history of use to promote wound healing and treat skin diseases. It has been used as a part of Ayurvedic (Southern Asia) culture for thousands of years as a nerve tonic and to strengthen white and grey matter in the brain. In Europe, extracts of Centella asiatica are used as drugs for the treatment of wound healing defects. Gotu Kola increases energy levels, improves memory and circulation while promoting restful sleep. Perhaps the best evidence in favor for Gotu kola is shown by its ability to improve symptoms of varicose veins, specifically overall discomfort, tiredness, and swelling. Gotu Kola may then aid in fighting fatigue. It has also been shown to aid in cognitive health.

      Coneflower is also known as Echinacea. There are three types of Echinacea: Echinacea purpurea, Echinacea pallida, and Echinacea angustifolia. All are used to boost the immune system and fight infections, but only the purpurea and pallida varieties have been definitively proven effective. In the purpurea plant, the leaves appear to be the most effective part. In the pallida variety, it's the root that works best. In addition, the variety of Echinacea is considered an effective treatment for urinary tract infections and poorly healing wounds, skin ulcers, and burns. The root of Echinacea purpurea is used to reestablish the supply of white blood cells following cancer treatments, and to supplement other anti-infection drugs. In folk medicine, the angustifolia variety of Echinacea is widely used for conditions such as wounds, burns, swelling of the lymph nodes, insect bites, stomach cramps, measles, gonorrhea, and snake bite.

      Bearberry & Licorice Extracts

      Bearberry and licorice extracts brighten the skin and help to reduce skin discoloration.

      Bearberry is a woody plant also known also as Uva ursi. It may also be referred to scientifically as Arbutus uva-ursi. The leaves, but not the berries, contain at least seven active ingredients. The most important ingredient is arbutin, which has antibacterial activity. It has been used medicinally in Great Britain and Europe to treat urinary infections.

      Licorice (Glycyrrhiza uralensis fisch), is a flavorful root that is a staple in Chinese herbal remedies used to support respiration and digestion. This potent herb is native to Europe, Asia and the Mediterranean and has been used medicinally for coughs, to aid in digestion and to promote healthy urinary function. Additionally it has been used to treat chronic hepatitis, influenza and HIV because it boosts the immune system's T-Cells. Studies have revealed that the herb is a phytoestostrogen that could increase the effectiveness of chemotherapy.

      Sesame Oil

      Sesame seed oil, sweet almond oil, shea butter, and mango butter are natural emollients that improve the skin's hydration. Sesamum indicum is a flowering plant in the genus Sesamum. The precise natural origin of the species is unknown, although its closest relatives occur in Africa. It is widely naturalised in tropical regions around the world and is cultivated for its edible seeds.

      Sesame (sesamum indicum) has been used in skin care for thousands of years. Sesame oil is mentioned in the Vedas as excellent for humans. The sesame plant is a lovely annual shrub with white bell-shaped flowers tinged with a hint of blue, red, or yellow. It is grown worldwide, particularly in India, China, South America, and Africa. Sesame seeds are small, smooth, and are white, red, or black in color. The black variety yields the best quality of oil and is also best suited for medicinal purposes. The white seeds are extremely rich in calcium and are useful in all cases of calcium deficiency. The red variety is exceptionally rich in iron. The rich, almost odorless oil expressed from the tiny seeds is very stable and contains an antioxidant system comprising sesamol and sesamolinol formed from sesamolin, which substantially reduce its oxidation rate. It is the ideal oil for massage as its chemical structure gives it a unique ability to penetrate the skin easily, nourishing, and detoxifying even the deepest tissue layers.

      Sesame seed oil keeps the skin supple and soft. It heals and protects areas of mild scrapes, cuts, and abrasions. It helps control eruptions and neutralizes the poisons which develop both on the surface and in the pores. When massaged on the skin, sesame seed oil attracts soluble toxins to sesame seed oil molecules which can then be washed away with hot water and a mild soap. It has antibacterial properties against common skin pathogens, such as staphylococcus and streptococcus as well as common skin fungi, such as athlete's foot fungus.

      Sweet Almond Oil

      Almond Oil is an emollient meaning that it is softening and soothing to the skin and also helps the skin to balance its loss and absorption of moisture. Almond oil helps protect the surface of the skin, while conditioning the skin and promoting a clear young looking complexion, it also helps to relieve muscular aches and pains.

      Almond Oil is also a great moisturizer that is appropriate for all skin types, but is especially effective on dry or irritated skin. Almond oil helps relieve irritation, inflammation and itching, and is greatly lubricating. Because almond oil is not a rapid penetrating oil, it is a good massage medium to use to help spread the oil and essential oil mixture, while still allowing you time to do a good massage before it is absorbed by the skin.

      Shea Butter

      Shea butter has soothing, moisturizing and protecting effects. Due to the presence of a sizeable quantity of unsaponifiable fats, its content in vitamins and other active elements, shea butter adds other more precise activities to these general properties. It displays a protecting role against UV rays because of its content in cinnamic acid and can thus be incorporated in solar products

      In the cosmetic field, this property is an asset against skin aging. It has restructuring effects on the epidermis, also on dry and fragile hair. Dry skin, dermatitis, dermatoses, eczema, sun burn, and burns are all helped by natural shea butter. It has an anti-elastase characteristic which makes it a good active ingredient against stretch marks.

      Vitamin A

      Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin that is part of a family of compounds including retinol, retinal and beta-carotene. Beta-carotene is also known as pro-vitamin A because it can be converted into vitamin A. The best dietary sources of Vitamin A includes organ meats such as liver and kidney, egg yolks, butter, carrot juice, squash, sweet potatoes, spinach, peaches, fortified dairy products like milk and some margarines, and cod liver oil. Vitamin A helps to repair injured skin and improve the contour of dry scaly skin. It is absorbed throughout the skin, helping it to remain soft and plump and improve its water barrier properties. These properties make the vitamin useful in treating seasonal and environmental problems like dry skin, heat, and pollution suggesting that it would be suitable for use in after sun products because of its normalizing properties.

      The stimulatory effects of vitamin A tend to oppose changes that occur with ageing. In the process of ageing, many aspects of skin structure are altered. The epidermis becomes thinner because of decreased mitotic activity. The skin loses part of its barrier function and, as a consequence of reduced water retention, is often dry and scaly or even cracked.

      Studies on the effect of vitamin A on skin provide evidence that, topically applied, it is of value in improving the general condition and barrier function of ageing skin. Vitamin A appears necessary for normal reprod

    My ears itch soo bad from allergies, is there anyway to make them stop, or itch less?
    It's because my ears are draining. :( ;)

    • ANSWER:
      allergies are linked to toxin build up
      and do study nutrition

      so a detox may realy help you
      Assimilation and elimination
      These are the two key stones of what makes us tick in fact Edgar cayce said if we could control these aspects of the human form we could extend life to whatever we chose, that's how important these two
      principles are.

      Assimilation is defined as the measure of the ability of any body to utilize foods that we eat, some people think that having massive doses of food will give them all that they need, they could not be more
      wrong, it is all right shoving nutrition in but it is quite another thing if the body can absorb it and use it in that form.

      Typical assimilation rates might vary from 20% to 80% and nutrition supplied in some forms will not be absorbed at all. That means out of every 454 grams of food you might only absorb 20-80% of that

      What happens to the food after you swallow it depends to a large degree on the other three principles of your body namely circulation, relaxation and elimination. Circulation is crucial if assimilation is
      to maintained at high levels circulation is helped greatly by some important factors;

      Exercise, especially cardiovascular apparently something like 50 or so times as many blood vessels open up when exercising than just sitting .WE have something like 60,000 miles of vessels mostly
      capillary type so you can imagine the effect of increased blood flow means massage,

      hydrotherapy treatments and osteopathic adjustment because the blood stream carries the rebuilding forces to the body it is these channels which need to be clear and stimulated so that the blood will flow to feed the cells and tissues.

      Every thing which your body does, every activity produces waste and we get rid of that waste through the skin, the lungs, the kidneys and the intestines. Major problems start to occur when any of these important
      channels are stopped from doing their job, we start to accumulate waste, bacteria start growing at alarming rates which leads to all sorts of problems as we become toxic.

      Imagine not cleaning up the kitchen very often –leaving waste –what would happen, your kitchen would become literally alive with all sorts of creepy bacteria etc the same with our bodies. The fact that poor elimination's are the most cited cause of disease within the Edgar cayce research papers totaling over 14000 gives you some idea just how important this aspect really is. It gives you an idea of the importance of getting rid of toxins, rid of waste from our bodies.

      Some of the diseases which elimination problems either cause or play a big and major part include.

      Balding-poor circulation
      Bladder stricture
      Some cases of blindness
      Brain tumors –poor circulation
      Cancers and tumors
      Skin cancer
      Canker sores and herpes simplex
      Colic-poor assimilation
      Colon impaction
      Complexion problems
      Some cases of deafness
      Feet swelling
      Gall bladder –gall stones
      Haliosis-bad breath
      Headaches general
      Herpes zoster
      Unwanted hair
      Kidney problems
      Menopause problems
      Some cases of myopia
      Pneumonia problems
      Poison ivy
      Rheumatic fever
      Scolliosis –eliminations were a cause and an effect
      Skin ulcers
      Female/ male sterile
      Streptococcus infection
      Tic douloureux
      Varicose veins
      Vertigo-some cases

      Some other questions were asked of cayce such as

      (Q) What can be done to conquer the many allergies to certain fruits and vegetables that I am afflicted with? Is the cause psychological?
      (A) Cleanse the system! These arise from toxic conditions through the alimentary canal.

      (Q) What will stop the tendency to itching piles?
      (A) Clean the system! And then, whenever there is the necessity, use Pazo Ointment

      (Q) What causes night mares and lack of sleep?
      Toxic forces or poisons in the system.

      (Q) What causes swelling of knee?
      (A) Toxic poisons in the body, the lack of proper eliminations through alimentary canal.

      (Q) what causes the pain in my hip?
      (A) The unbalanced conditions through pressures from poisons in the system. As indicated, as the
      system is cleansed and the pressures are removed, with corrections in the cerebrospinal system, the whole of the way through, these disturbing conditions will disappear.

      (Q) What causes his fevers or slight temperature so often during each day, followed by sweats at night? (A) A natural effect of uric poisoning in the system, not

    apple cider vinegar what are the scientific effects on ones health?

    • ANSWER:

      If you believe this, don't bother reading further.

      A source that I consider much more reliable -- WebMD, see Source #2 -- paints a somewhat less sensational picture:

      "In recent years, apple cider vinegar has been singled out as an especially helpful health tonic. So it's now sold in both the condiment and the health supplement aisles of your grocery store. While many of the folk medicine uses of vinegar are unproven (or were disproved), a few do have a medical research backing them up. Some small studies have hinted that apple cider vinegar could help with several conditions, such as diabetes and obesity."

      I suggest you read the rest of that source by clicking on the URL, below.

    Does Bilberry vitamins really help with vericose veins?

    • ANSWER:
      When I think of Bilberry I think of eyes........ but after googling it it does say varicose veins too.

      What It Is Used For
      Historically, bilberry fruit was used to treat diarrhea, scurvy, and other conditions.
      Today, the fruit is used to treat diarrhea, menstrual cramps, eye problems, varicose veins, venous insufficiency (a condition in which the veins do not efficiently return blood from the legs to the heart), and other circulatory problems.
      Bilberry leaf is used for entirely different conditions, including diabetes.

      Read at this link: as it has other suggestions for varicose veins.

      In a study conducted in Italy in 1982, the Indian herb gotu kola improved the structure of varicose veins and increased blood flow through them in 80 percent of the participants who took it for one month. This study also showed that gotu kola strengthens the connective tissue.

      Researchers have found that ginkgo and gotu kola are even more effective when used together. Almost everyone who took this combination, many of whom had serious circulation problems in their legs, found that their circulation improved. Some enjoyed their first pain-free walking in months. And in numerous other studies, both ginkgo and gotu kola have been shown to be more effective and better tolerated than tribenoside, the standard drug used for this purpose.

      Horse chestnut and butcher's broom—strangely named herbs that are not nearly as well-known in North America as in Europe—can also be used to make veins stronger and less porous.

      Varicose Vein/Hemorrhoid Tea

      ½ ounce each hawthorn berries and flowers, ginkgo leaves and butcher's broom (if available)

      Hot water (enough to cover herbs)

      Combine herbs. Cover with hot water and steep for 5 minutes. Strain and drink. The same herbs can also be used to make a tincture (they are, in fact, used in several commercial tincture formulas).

      Varicose Vein/Hemorrhoid Oil

      1 ounce Saint-John's-wort oil

      8 drops each essential oils of chamomile, palma rosa and cypress

      Combine ingredients. Apply externally.

      Varicose Vein/Hemorrhoid Compress

      1 cup cold water

      1 teaspoon tincture of calendula or Saint-John's-wort

      3 drops each essential oils of chamomile and carrot seed

      Combine ingredients. Stir a soft cloth in them, wring out and place over itching or broken varicose veins or hemorrhoids as often as practical.

    I've read about EDTA for ridding the body of cholesterol.?
    I've been reading about EDTA. It says Drs. inject it into you when you have a heart attack, but that you can use it now and it would clear out your veins, varicose veins, and improve many other things. Does anyone know about it,and where I could buy it? I would rather do a supplejment, as I'm sure the IV treatment is not afforadable or maybe even close to me. Thanks Jay

    • ANSWER:
      No it is not used fro any such purposes.

      EDTA is a widely-used acronym for the chemical compound ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid .
      EDTA refers to the chelating agent with the formula (HO2CCH2)2NCH2CH2N(CH2CO2H)2.
      This amino acid is widely used to sequester di- and trivalent metal ions.
      EDTA binds to metals via four carboxylate and two amine groups. EDTA forms specially strong complexes with Mn(II), Cu(II), Fe(III), and Co(III)
      H4EDTA is a member of the aminocarboxylate family of ligands that includes imidodiacetic acid ("H2IDA") and nitrilotriacetic acid ("H3NTA").There are many other forms available.These ligands are all formally derived from the amino acid glycine.

      H4EDTA forms highly stable coordination compounds that are soluble in water. These are chiral compounds.
      The uses of EDTA can be put under three main headidngs..
      1. General
      3.Still under development or in labs under experimental conditions
      In Industrial cleaning: complexation of Ca2+ and Mg2+ ions, binding of heavy metals.
      Detergents: complexation of Ca2+ and Mg2+ (reduction of water hardness).
      Photography: use of Fe(III)EDTA as oxidizing agent.
      Pulp and paper industry: complexation of heavy metals during chlorine-free bleaching, stabilization of hydrogen peroxide.
      Textile industry: complexation of heavy metals, bleach stabilizer.
      Agrochemicals: Fe, Zn and Cu fertilizer, especially in calcareous soils.
      Hydroponics: iron-EDTA is used to solubilize iron in nutrient solutions.

      Food: added as preservative to prevent catalytic oxidation by metal ions or stabilizer and for iron fortification.
      Approved by the FDA as a preservative in packaged foods, vitamins, and baby food.
      Personal care: added to cosmetics to improve product stability
      Oil production: added into the borehole to inhibit mineral precipitation.
      Dairy and beverage industry,
      Flue gas cleaning: removal of Nitrous oxide
      Dentistry as a root canal irrigant to remove organic and inorganic debris,
      Soft drinks containing ascorbic acid and sodium benzoate, to mitigate formation of benzene (a carcinogen)
      Recycling: recovery of lead from used lead acid batteries.


      EDTA is used in chelation therapy for acute hypercalcemia, mercury poisoning and lead poisoning.
      Combined with chromium, EDTA is used to evaluate kidney function. It is administered intravenously and its filtration into the urine is monitored. This method is considered the gold standard for evaluating glomerular filtration rate, Cr-EDTA's sole way out of the body is via glomerular filtration as it is not secreted or metabolised in any other way.
      Used as anticoagulant for blood samples
      In veterinary ophthalmology EDTA may be used as an anticollagenase to prevent the worsening of corneal ulcers in animals.

      "Some laboratory studies also suggest that EDTA chelation may prevent collection of platelets [or plaque] which can otherwise lead to formation of blood clots and prevent blood flow) on the walls of blood vessels . These ideas are theoretical, however."

      Scavenging metal ions: in biochemistry and molecular biology, ion depletion is commonly used to inactivate metal-dependent enzymes which could damage DNA or proteins
      Complexometric titrations.
      Buffer solutions.
      Determination of water hardness.
      EDTA may be used as a masking agent to remove a metal ion which would interfere with the analysis of a second metal ion present
      An anticoagulant in medical and laboratory equipment.
      A preservative (usually to enhance the action of another preservative such as benzalkonium or thiomersal) in ocular preparations and eyedrops. See "les conservateurs en opthalmologie" Doctors Patrice Vo Tan & Yves lachkar, Librarie Médicale Théa.
      A titrant used to determine nickel concentration in an electroless nickel plating bath.
      In metallography

      The following sites are a link to those who sell this compound for oral intake and claim to rid the body of many such problems(among many other).. However medically this is yet to prove in humans.
      Wide spread use has given rise to environmental pollution with this compound.
      Before embarking upon any such adventure, I will advise you to open the link in wikipedia,which will give you a good idea of what it is all about. Since it is used as an anticoagulant,its use is to be under medical supervision.
      And it is not that simple....the best way is to curtail fats, exercise and follow your doctor.


    what does the foot rests that you buy for sitting at computer actually help?

    • ANSWER:
      Studies have shown that 70% of all women and 40% of all men have health issues such as blood clots, varicose veins and pressure on the Achilles tendon due to pooling of fluids in the lower limbs —the result of prolonged, inactive sitting. The foot machine, with its ball-bearing, roller design encourages gentle rocking of the feet in the same way a rocking chair encourages movement. This rocking motion uses most of the lower leg muscles and increases healthful circulation. The foot machine also performs as a standard foot rest, providing support for the legs and relieving pressure on the lower back.

    what can you tell me about albert einstein?

    • ANSWER:
      Born: 14 March 1879 in Ulm, Württemberg, Germany
      Died: 18 April 1955 in Princeton, New Jersey, USA

      Around 1886 Albert Einstein began his school career in Munich. As well as his violin lessons, which he had from age six to age thirteen, he also had religious education at home where he was taught Judaism. Two years later he entered the Luitpold Gymnasium and after this his religious education was given at school. He studied mathematics, in particular the calculus, beginning around 1891.

      In 1894 Einstein's family moved to Milan but Einstein remained in Munich. In 1895 Einstein failed an examination that would have allowed him to study for a diploma as an electrical engineer at the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule in Zurich. Einstein renounced German citizenship in 1896 and was to be stateless for a number of years. He did not even apply for Swiss citizenship until 1899, citizenship being granted in 1901.

      Following the failing of the entrance exam to the ETH, Einstein attended secondary school at Aarau planning to use this route to enter the ETH in Zurich. While at Aarau he wrote an essay (for which was only given a little above half marks!) in which he wrote of his plans for the future, see [13]:-

      If I were to have the good fortune to pass my examinations, I would go to Zurich. I would stay there for four years in order to study mathematics and physics. I imagine myself becoming a teacher in those branches of the natural sciences, choosing the theoretical part of them. Here are the reasons which lead me to this plan. Above all, it is my disposition for abstract and mathematical thought, and my lack of imagination and practical ability.

      Indeed Einstein succeeded with his plan graduating in 1900 as a teacher of mathematics and physics. One of his friends at ETH was Marcel Grossmann who was in the same class as Einstein. Einstein tried to obtain a post, writing to Hurwitz who held out some hope of a position but nothing came of it. Three of Einstein's fellow students, including Grossmann, were appointed assistants at ETH in Zurich but clearly Einstein had not impressed enough and still in 1901 he was writing round universities in the hope of obtaining a job, but without success.

      He did manage to avoid Swiss military service on the grounds that he had flat feet and varicose veins. By mid 1901 he had a temporary job as a teacher, teaching mathematics at the Technical High School in Winterthur. Around this time he wrote:-

      I have given up the ambition to get to a university ...

      Another temporary position teaching in a private school in Schaffhausen followed. Then Grossmann's father tried to help Einstein get a job by recommending him to the director of the patent office in Bern. Einstein was appointed as a technical expert third class.

      Einstein worked in this patent office from 1902 to 1909, holding a temporary post when he was first appointed, but by 1904 the position was made permanent and in 1906 he was promoted to technical expert second class. While in the Bern patent office he completed an astonishing range of theoretical physics publications, written in his spare time without the benefit of close contact with scientific literature or colleagues.

      Einstein earned a doctorate from the University of Zurich in 1905 for a thesis On a new determination of molecular dimensions. He dedicated the thesis to Grossmann.

      In the first of three papers, all written in 1905, Einstein examined the phenomenon discovered by Max Planck, according to which electromagnetic energy seemed to be emitted from radiating objects in discrete quantities. The energy of these quanta was directly proportional to the frequency of the radiation. This seemed to contradict classical electromagnetic theory, based on Maxwell's equations and the laws of thermodynamics which assumed that electromagnetic energy consisted of waves which could contain any small amount of energy. Einstein used Planck's quantum hypothesis to describe the electromagnetic radiation of light.

      Einstein's second 1905 paper proposed what is today called the special theory of relativity. He based his new theory on a reinterpretation of the classical principle of relativity, namely that the laws of physics had to have the same form in any frame of reference. As a second fundamental hypothesis, Einstein assumed that the speed of light remained constant in all frames of reference, as required by Maxwell's theory.

      Later in 1905 Einstein showed how mass and energy were equivalent. Einstein was not the first to propose all the components of special theory of relativity. His contribution is unifying important parts of classical mechanics and Maxwell's electrodynamics.

      The third of Einstein's papers of 1905 concerned statistical mechanics, a field of that had been studied by Ludwig Boltzmann and Josiah Gibbs.

      After 1905 Einstein continued working in the areas described above. He made important contributions to quantum theory, but he sought to extend the special theory of relativity to phenomena involving acceleration. The key appeared in 1907 with the principle of equivalence, in which gravitational acceleration was held to be indistinguishable from acceleration caused by mechanical forces. Gravitational mass was therefore identical with inertial mass.

      In 1908 Einstein became a lecturer at the University of Bern after submitting his Habilitation thesis Consequences for the constitution of radiation following from the energy distribution law of black bodies. The following year he become professor of physics at the University of Zurich, having resigned his lectureship at Bern and his job in the patent office in Bern.

      By 1909 Einstein was recognised as a leading scientific thinker and in that year he resigned from the patent office. He was appointed a full professor at the Karl-Ferdinand University in Prague in 1911. In fact 1911 was a very significant year for Einstein since he was able to make preliminary predictions about how a ray of light from a distant star, passing near the Sun, would appear to be bent slightly, in the direction of the Sun. This would be highly significant as it would lead to the first experimental evidence in favour of Einstein's theory.

      About 1912, Einstein began a new phase of his gravitational research, with the help of his mathematician friend Marcel Grossmann, by expressing his work in terms of the tensor calculus of Tullio Levi-Civita and Gregorio Ricci-Curbastro. Einstein called his new work the general theory of relativity. He moved from Prague to Zurich in 1912 to take up a chair at the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule in Zurich.

      Einstein returned to Germany in 1914 but did not reapply for German citizenship. What he accepted was an impressive offer. It was a research position in the Prussian Academy of Sciences together with a chair (but no teaching duties) at the University of Berlin. He was also offered the directorship of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute of Physics in Berlin which was about to be established.

      After a number of false starts Einstein published, late in 1915, the definitive version of general theory. Just before publishing this work he lectured on general relativity at Göttingen and he wrote:-

      To my great joy, I completely succeeded in convincing Hilbert and Klein.

      In fact Hilbert submitted for publication, a week before Einstein completed his work, a paper which contains the correct field equations of general relativity.

      When British eclipse expeditions in 1919 confirmed his predictions, Einstein was idolised by the popular press. The London Times ran the headline on 7 November 1919:-

      Revolution in science - New theory of the Universe - Newtonian ideas overthrown.

      In 1920 Einstein's lectures in Berlin were disrupted by demonstrations which, although officially denied, were almost certainly anti-Jewish. Certainly there were strong feelings expressed against his works during this period which Einstein replied to in the press quoting Lorentz, Planck and Eddington as supporting his theories and stating that certain Germans would have attacked them if he had been:-

      ... a German national with or without swastika instead of a Jew with liberal international convictions...

      During 1921 Einstein made his first visit to the United States. His main reason was to raise funds for the planned Hebrew University of Jerusalem. However he received the Barnard Medal during his visit and lectured several times on relativity. He is reported to have commented to the chairman at the lecture he gave in a large hall at Princeton which was overflowing with people:-

      I never realised that so many Americans were interested in tensor analysis.

      Einstein received the Nobel Prize in 1921 but not for relativity rather for his 1905 work on the photoelectric effect. In fact he was not present in December 1922 to receive the prize being on a voyage to Japan. Around this time he made many international visits. He had visited Paris earlier in 1922 and during 1923 he visited Palestine. After making his last major scientific discovery on the association of waves with matter in 1924 he made further visits in 1925, this time to South America.

      Among further honours which Einstein received were the Copley Medal of the Royal Society in 1925 and the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1926.

      Niels Bohr and Einstein were to carry on a debate on quantum theory which began at the Solvay Conference in 1927. Planck, Niels Bohr, de Broglie, Heisenberg, Schrödinger and Dirac were at this conference, in addition to Einstein. Einstein had declined to give a paper at the conference and:-

      ... said hardly anything beyond presenting a very simple objection to the probability interpretation .... Then he fell back into silence ...

      Indeed Einstein's life had been hectic and he was to pay the price in 1928 with a physical collapse brought on through overwork. However he made a full recovery despite having to take things easy throughout 1928.

      By 1930 he was making international visits again, back to the United States. A third visit to the United States in 1932 was followed by the offer of a post at Princeton. The idea was that Einstein would spend seven months a year in Berlin, five months at Princeton. Einstein accepted and left Germany in December 1932 for the United States. The following month the Nazis came to power in Germany and Einstein was never to return there.

      During 1933 Einstein travelled in Europe visiting Oxford, Glasgow, Brussels and Zurich. Offers of academic posts which he had found it so hard to get in 1901, were plentiful. He received offers from Jerusalem, Leiden, Oxford, Madrid and Paris.

      What was intended only as a visit became a permanent arrangement by 1935 when he applied and was granted permanent residency in the United States. At Princeton his work attempted to unify the laws of physics. However he was attempting problems of great depth and he wrote:-

      I have locked myself into quite hopeless scientific problems - the more so since, as an elderly man, I have remained estranged from the society here...

      In 1940 Einstein became a citizen of the United States, but chose to retain his Swiss citizenship. He made many contributions to peace during his life. In 1944 he made a contribution to the war effort by hand writing his 1905 paper on special relativity and putting it up for auction. It raised six million dollars, the manuscript today being in the Library of Congress.

      By 1949 Einstein was unwell. A spell in hospital helped him recover but he began to prepare for death by drawing up his will in 1950. He left his scientific papers to the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, a university which he had raised funds for on his first visit to the USA, served as a governor of the university from 1925 to 1928 but he had turned down the offer of a post in 1933 as he was very critical of its administration.

      One more major event was to take place in his life. After the death of the first president of Israel in 1952, the Israeli government decided to offer the post of second president to Einstein. He refused but found the offer an embarrassment since it was hard for him to refuse without causing offence.

      One week before his death Einstein signed his last letter. It was a letter to Bertrand Russell in which he agreed that his name should go on a manifesto urging all nations to give up nuclear weapons. It is fitting that one of his last acts was to argue, as he had done all his life, for international peace.

      Einstein was cremated at Trenton, New Jersey at 4 pm on 18 April 1955 (the day of his death). His ashes were scattered at an undisclosed place.

    How do i relieve stress?

    • ANSWER:
      You can get good relief by practicing proper Breathing techniques, Meditation and doing Yoga on daily basis. Apart from his you can hae regular prayers and make habit of reading spititual books regularly-

      Controlled Breathing Techniques-
      When you are anxious, you tend to breathe shallowly, using your upper chest muscles. Your breathing can become extremely rapid and erratic, leading to hyperventilation. Controlled breathing is a technique that you can use to counteract this stress response and induce a state of calm within 3 to 5 minutes. Try this simple technique, using the following steps:

      -Lie on your back, placing one hand over your heart and the other on your abdomen.
      -Inhale slowly and deeply through your nose for a count of 4.
      -Watch the hand on your abdomen rise as you fill your lungs with air, expanding your chest. (The hand over your heart should barely move, if at all.)
      -Hold your breath for a count of 4.
      -Exhale slowly through the mouth or nose for a count of 4.
      -Repeat for 10 full breaths. Work up to 2 or 3 sets of 10 breaths each.

      Meditation -

      Meditation is a practice of concentrated focus upon a sound, object, visualization, the breath, movement, or attention itself in order to increase awareness of the present moment, reduce stress, promote relaxation, and enhance personal and spiritual growth.Meditation benefits people with or without acute medical illness or stress. People who meditate regularly have been shown to feel less anxiety and depression.

      Yoga - You can start doing Yoga with simple ASANAS. Yoga has been used to alleviate problems associated with high blood pressure, high cholesterol, migraine headaches, asthma, shallow breathing, backaches, constipation, diabetes, menopause, multiple sclerosis, varicose veins, carpal tunnel syndrome and many chronic illnesses. It also has been studied and approved for its ability to promote relaxation and reduce stress.

      For the time being you need not go to Doctor and I suggest the above methods, as going to doctor will make you addict to stress cure medicines, which can not be discontinued later. Also do not try sleeping tablets. :) :)

    Has anyone had laser surgery for vericous veins? If so, what is the procedure? Is it painful?
    How many times do they stick you with the needles?

    • ANSWER:
      A laser is a highly focused beam of light. A doctor can use a laser to treat varicose veins. Laser heat damages a vein, which makes scar tissue form. This scar tissue closes the vein. A closed vein loses its source of blood and dies. After a year or two, the vein is likely to disappear.

      Simple laser treatment. Until recently, laser vein treatment has been limited to spider veins and tiny varicose veins just under the skin's surface. Usually, more than one laser session is needed. They are scheduled every 6 to 12 weeks, as prescribed by your doctor. (If you have poor blood circulation feeding these tiny veins, the larger "feeder" vein must first be treated with surgery, endovenous laser or radiofrequency treatment, or sclerotherapy.)

      Endovenous laser treatment. This newer technology is becoming more available for larger varicose veins in the legs. A laser fiber is passed through a thin tube (catheter) into the vein. While doing this, the doctor watches the vein on a duplex ultrasound screen. Laser is less painful than vein ligation and stripping surgery, and needs a shorter recovery time. 1 Only local anesthesia or a light sedative is needed for laser treatment. (For vein surgery, general anesthesia is used to put you to sleep.) Studies show that endovenous laser is very effective. 1

      What To Expect After Treatment
      You are likely to be able to return to your normal daily routine after simple laser treatment.

      After endovenous laser treatment, you will wear compression stockings for 1 week or more. As a follow-up, your doctor will use duplex ultrasound to make sure that the vein is closed.

      Why It Is Done
      Simple laser treatment is done for small spider veins and tiny varicose veins. This is sometimes a second treatment step, after a larger varicose vein has been treated with surgery, endovenous laser or radiofrequency treatment, or sclerotherapy.

      Endovenous laser treatment is used to close off a larger varicose vein, instead of using surgery to remove it.

      How Well It Works
      Simple laser treatment. Over the past twenty years, this type of laser treatment has become quite safe and effective. 2

      Endovenous laser treatment. Studies show that endovenous laser closes veins up to 98% of the time, with less pain and shorter recovery time than vein ligation and stripping surgery. 1 Treatment success after several years is not yet studied.

      If endovenous laser treatment does not close a vein, you will need a second treatment. Depending on what is available in your area, you may have choices between another laser treatment, radiofrequency treatment, or sclerotherapy. In some cases vein surgery is recommended.

      For the best chance of success, be sure to have a doctor with a lot of endovenous laser experience.

      Side effects of laser treatment include: 2

      Skin burns.
      Skin coloring changes.
      Feelings of burning, pain, or prickling after recovery, from nerve damage (less likely than after vein stripping surgery).
      Small or large blood clotting in the vein or a deep vein (less likely than after vein stripping surgery).
      The more experience your doctor has had with laser, the less risk you are likely to have. Talk to your doctor about how often these side effects happen in his or her practice.

      What To Think About
      Compared to vein stripping and ligation surgery, endovenous laser and radiofrequency treatment usually cause less pain and take less time to recover from. 2 This is because a larger groin incision is needed for the surgery, but not for the less invasive options. 1

      If you are thinking of laser treatment, consider some questions to ask about varicose vein treatment. These questions include: How much experience does the doctor have with the particular treatment? How much do the exam and treatment cost, and how many treatments does the doctor think you will need?

      Complete the special treatment information form (PDF) (What is a PDF document?) to help you understand this treatment.

      Teruya TH, Ballard JL (2004). New approaches for the treatment of varicose veins. Surgical Clinics of North America, 84(5): 1397–1417.

      Bartholomew JR, et al. (2005). Varicose veins: Newer, better treatments available. Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine, 72(4): 312–328.

    vitamin k? ......does it really work?
    will stop spider veins and cure them? like if you eat food that has a lot of vitamin k in it it would cure your spider veins? how long would it take? or do i have to go and buy creams and get surgery?

    • ANSWER:
      Vitamin K is given to people who have a bleeding tendency especially due to liver problems or who have been on blood thinner medication. So, theoretically, if you would apply the Vitamin K cream on the skin, it could prevent excessive skin bruising in case of soft tissue trauma. It may or may not help. These are statement from the manufacturer and have never been proven in a scientific study. One thing is sure, however, the spider veins or varicose veins will not go away. There is nothing in vitamin K to make an anatomical change such as the disappearance of the spider veins.

      Elevating the legs provides relief. "Advice about regular exercise sounds sensible but is not supported by any evidence." The wearing of graduated compression stockings with a pressure of 30–40 mmHg has been shown to correct the swelling, nutritional exchange, and improve the microcirculation in legs affected by varicose veins. They also often provide relief from the discomfort associated with this disease. Caution should be exercised in their use in patients with concurrent arterial disease.

      The symptoms of varicose veins can be controlled to an extent with either of the following:

      * anti-inflammatory medication such as ibuprofen or aspirin can be used as part of treatment for superficial thrombophlebitis along with graduated compression hosiery. In extensive superficial thrombophlebitis, consideration should be given to anti-coagulation, thrombectomy or sclerotherapy of the involved vein.

      * Diosmin 95 is a dietary supplement distributed in the U.S. by Nutratech, Inc. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration does not approve dietary supplements, but concluded that there was an "inadequate basis for reasonable expectation of safety."

      Sclerotherapy is used for telangiectasias (spider veins) and varicose veins that persist or recur after vein stripping. Sclerotherapy can also be performed using microfoam sclerosants under ultrasound guidance to treat larger varicose veins, including the greater and short saphenous veins. A study by Kanter and Thibault in 1996 reported a 76% success rate at 24 months in treating saphenofemoral junction and great saphenous vein incompetence with STS 3% solution. A Cochrane Collaboration review concluded sclerotherapy was better than surgery in the short term (1 year) for its treatment success, complication rate and cost, but surgery was better after 5 years, although the research is weak. A Health Technology Assessment found that sclerotherapy provided less benefit than surgery, but is likely to provide a small benefit in varicose veins without reflux. Complications of sclerotherapy are rare but can include blood clots and ulceration. Anaphylactic reactions are "extraordinarily rare but can be life-threatening," and doctors should have a resuscitation cart ready. There has been 1 reported case of stroke after ultrasound guided sclerotherapy when very a large dose of sclerosant foam was injected.

    What is obesity. What is the medical problems associated with obesity.?

    • ANSWER:
      Obesity is an excess of body fat/weight ratio. Obesity, especially central obesity (male-type or waist-predominant obesity), is an important risk factor for the "metabolic syndrome" ("syndrome X"), the clustering of a number of diseases and risk factors that heavily predispose for cardiovascular disease. These are diabetes mellitus type 2, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, and triglyceride levels (combined hyperlipidemia). An inflammatory state is present, which — together with the above — has been implicated in the high prevalence of atherosclerosis (fatty lumps in the arterial wall), and a prothrombotic state may further worsen cardiovascular risk.

      Apart from the metabolic syndrome, obesity is also correlated (in population studies) with a variety of other complications. For many of these complaints, it has not been clearly established to what extent they are caused directly by obesity itself, or have some other cause (such as limited exercise) that causes obesity as well. Most confidence in a direct cause is given to the mechanical complications in the following list:

      Cardiovascular: congestive heart failure, enlarged heart and its associated arrhythmias and dizziness, cor pulmonale, varicose veins, and pulmonary embolism
      Endocrine: polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), menstrual disorders, and infertility
      Gastrointestinal: gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), fatty liver disease, cholelithiasis (gallstones), hernia, and colorectal cancer
      Renal and genitourinary: erectile dysfunction,[6] urinary incontinence, chronic renal failure,[7] hypogonadism (male), breast cancer (female), uterine cancer (female), stillbirth
      Integument (skin and appendages): stretch marks, acanthosis nigricans, lymphedema, cellulitis, carbuncles, intertrigo
      Musculoskeletal: hyperuricemia (which predisposes to gout), immobility, osteoarthritis, low back pain
      Neurologic: stroke, meralgia paresthetica, headache, carpal tunnel syndrome, dementia[8]
      Respiratory: dyspnea, obstructive sleep apnea, hypoventilation syndrome, Pickwickian syndrome, asthma
      Psychological: Depression, low self esteem, body dysmorphic disorder, social stigmatization
      While being severely obese has many health ramifications, those who are somewhat overweight face little increased mortality or morbidity. Some studies suggest that the somewhat "overweight" tend to live longer than those at their "ideal" weight. [5] This may in part be attributable to lower mortality rates in diseases where death is either caused or contributed to by significant weight loss due to the greater risk of being underweight experienced by those in the ideal category. Another factor which may confound mortality data is smoking, since obese individuals are less likely to smoke[citation needed]. Osteoporosis is known to occur less in slightly overweight people.

    testicular varicose veins issue ?
    The doctor checked me today ,and said I have small varicose in the left testicle .Although ,I have no pain at all or any odd feeling in it.Lately I read through the net that it might affect my ability to have children ,now I am worried .I am 18 by the way .

    • ANSWER:
      It sounds like you were diagnosed with having a varicocele. The old-school hypothesis was that these structures impaired fertility. The ideas was that the structure might impair blood-flow (which would hamper nutrient delivery) or else it might elevate local temperature, which is bad for sperm production. However, like so often happens in medicine, this hypothesis was put forth without any studies to evaluate its veracity. Man men suffered through surgery to correct their varicoceles, who had no outward symptoms nor suffered from impaired fertility.

      It turns out that varicoceles are quite common, and in nearly all cases, do not appear to affect fertility. The wiki link below discusses this. My advice would be to not worry about it. If you ever have problems with conceiving children, then this might be something to put on the table for consideration, but most likely, it will not affect your fertility.

      All that being said, I have a good friend who had to have surgery (twice) to treat a varicocele. In his case, the varicocele caused discomfort and pain. His description of the surgery, convalescence, and special undergarments he had to wear sounded almost as bad as the symptoms he was treating.

    What causes varicose veins?
    I have one varicose vein on my left leg-its been there for years and I was wondering what causes them. My chloresterol levels are low and I'm not overweight-in fact I used to be an athlete. My doctor just waffles when I ask him.My blood pressure is the same as when I was 20-120 over 80
    I would just like to add having read your answers that I am definately NOT pregnant. So.........its still a mystery then?
    Oh..and I presume superjoe is talking from experience.

    • ANSWER:
      varicose veins are basically swollen veins that usually occur in the legs.
      First we must know the normal functioning of the circulatory system. Arteries bring oxygen rich blood from the heart to the entire body. Then veins bring unoxyegenated blood back up to the heart. Under normal conditions, the actions of your leg muscles causing movement help circulate the blood through the veins and back toward the heart. But with varicose veins, the walls of the veins in the legs are weakened. Usually, these veins are superficial, or near the skin's surface where they protrude and are more easily visible. You also have tiny valves inside the veins, just as you have valves inside your heart. With varicose veins, the valves inside the veins are damaged and do not function properly. Gravity can then cause the blood to "pool" in the vein, which means the blood stays in the veins, becoming stagnant there and making them bulge out. Varicose veins can also occur in deeper veins under the skin.

      Varicose veins like these can lead to venous thrombosis, which is the medical term for a blood clot. When this occurs, circulation becomes poor. They may lead to swollen ankles, feet and legs, scaly, itchy skin, darkening of the skin, changes in temperature in the legs and feet and may even cause sores and ulcers on the skin to develop. These are called venous stasis ulcers. Blood clots in the legs can be dangerous. Symptoms of venous thrombosis, or blood clots in the legs include, but are not limited to swelling, redness and tenderness along a vein.

      The longer a person stands without moving, the more the blood pools in the veins. As more blood pools in the veins, the walls of the veins stretch. Symptoms of varicose veins are the appearance of bluish, soft, and sometimes tender lumps and bulging veins under the surface of the skin. These can be painful at times, but not always. Very tiny veins of the legs can also dilate. These are called spider veins because of the spider web pattern they form. They are actually not related to real varicose veins at all.

      It is suspected that varicose veins run in families. Simply looking at the legs for deep veins can make a diagnosis, a Venogram can be taken, which is an x-ray of the blood vessels. Doppler ultrasound may also be used to study the blood flow. This is less invasive than the venogram because for the venogram an i.v. must be started to inject dye and with the ultrasound it is simply like any other ultrasound, no needles are necessary.

    Acute varicose vein pain?
    Hello, obviously I realize looking on the internet for health info is
    a dangerous thing. I had injured my back a few weeks ago and had
    numerous chiro adjustments. I thought the pain in my leg from thigh
    to knee was sciatica, used lots of heat. I now realize it's vascular.

    I am 48, female, active but considerably overweight. Don't smoke,
    have high bp, take verapamil every day for that. When I stand up it's
    a very all over pain all down my left leg ending above the knee usually but sometimes a vein in the back of my calf hurts too. It's kind of an all over million stabs kind of thing.

    Sometimes I feel it in my groin. If I sit down, or lay down with feet
    elevated it is fine. Walking is painful, but bearable. Sometimes it feels a bit better after I force a bit of a walk, been too afraid to walk far. I now have
    been treating with ice rather than heat and that is making a big
    difference. Taking Horsechesnut, grape seed and butcher's broom since
    yesterday and on no salt diet (yuck). This pain wakes me up in the
    night and is controlled with elevating the leg. I have no swelling,
    no hot spots but am worried.

    I'm a wife and mom and am just starting
    to realize that I need to lose this weight and take care of my health.
    Any thoughts you have would be greatly appreciated. It's been about 2
    weeks and I'm maybe a bit better but not appreciably. Staying off my
    feet, etc. My veins are rather ropey, and visible but no change in
    them. I'm deeply grateful for your answers.

    I did see my primary (2 days ago) and she looked at my legs, noted the veins but that was it.
    I think we were both thinking it was from my back situation at that

    Thanks again, can you have DVT without the swelling, hot spot,
    etc? My friends think this is an extreme varicose vein flare up as I
    was on my feet a lot last week entertaining visiting family.
    ***I should note that I have no swelling in either leg. Thanks for the answers so far.

    • ANSWER:
      Here you usually get genuine persons answering very appropriately to most of the questions.
      DVT must be ruled out as it may have serious consequences. Specially if you have been on oral contraceptives.
      For varicose veins, keep your legs elevated whenevr you are sitting and if you find it possible. Avoid standing long hours and use stockings.
      Best will be to get doppler study for DVT. Hope it turns out negative, but you need to rule it out.
      All the best!

    I'm developing varicose veins on the backs of my legs, I've got questions about treatment...?
    Ok my job requires me to stand for long periods of time. My mom's side of the family was plagued with varicose veins on their legs that progressively became more noticeable over the years and I've inherited that from her despite my not being over weight and really taking care of myself, or so I thought.

    So they're becoming more noticeable and I'd like to take care of them as soon as I have some extra money laying around. But I have some questions either for those who have undergone treatment for varicose veins or any medical professionals who can answer my questions.

    1) What treatment options do I have available to me?

    2) Which of these is the most cost effective?

    3) Which has the fewest amount of treatments?

    4) Least invasive form of surgery with the least amount of pain and recuperation time?

    5) Will my varicose veins come back or be less likely to come back?

    6) If I switch to a desk job with more amounts of sitting would that help the veins from coming back after treatment?

    Thank you very much for your help.

    • ANSWER:
      I have dealt with varicose veins for the past five years. Here are my answers to help you as much as I can:

      1) The treatment option best for you really depends on the varicose veins you have. The list of treatment options is: Surgery, Conventional Sclerotherapy, Foam Sclerotherapy, Endovenous Laser Treatment, Radiofrequency Ablation.
      For a complete timeline of the treatments procedures, check out:

      2) Surgery and foam sclerotherapy are usually less expensive than laser and radiofrequency, but they can be less effective.

      3) Foam, laser and radiofrequency have the fewest amount of treatments. But some doctor prefer to operate on only one veins (or one leg) at a time. That means if you have more than one varicose vein, you may have to come back no matter the kind of procedure you choose.

      4) Laser and radiofrequency have been proven to be a lot less invasive than other treatment procedures. But so much depends on the experience of the physician. Ask him or her how many treatments they have done using that particular technology. Two treatments per week (or 100 per year) should be a good criteria in choosing a doctor.

      5) Know this: you are prone to have varicose veins, and you will be for the rest of your life. Removing your varicose veins will help remove some pressure on your good veins. This will help your veins in general BUT if you don't change your lifestyle, you will develop new varicose veins, just like you did in the past.
      For some lifestyle change you can add to prevent new varicose veins:

      6) I changed job (I went from working standing up in a kitchen to a desk job) and I still got new varicose veins. Standing still and sitting are not friendly position for people like us who are prone to varicose veins. Wearing compression stocking will help, but studies show that it probably won't be enough to prevent new varicose veins. You need to add the lifestyle changes described in the link about.

      Good luck! Keep us posted on VariStop

    is using witch hazel as a toner harsh?
    is using witch hazel as a toner harsh because it has some alcohol?....will it be too harsh and drying for my kind-of dry and sensative skin?.....if i dilute it with some water will it still be harsh and drying for my kind-of-dry sensative skin?.....does it also help firm your skin?

    • ANSWER:
      Benefits of witch hazel:

      The benefits of witch hazel are broad and varied. Witch hazel has traditionally been used for the treatment of wounds, itchy and dry skin and bleeding. It has also been used to treat inflamed eyes.

      Though an awful lot of purported herbal remedies are of little value, there is no doubt that witch hazel is an effective natural pharmaceutical. It is one of the few natural remedies to have obtained US FDA approval for sale specifically for medicinal use.

      Witch hazel does in fact, contain high levels of tannin, which is an astringent, hence it's long association as a skin treatment. The astringent properties of the plant, has seen an increase in the uses of the plant, which is now widely used in skin-care products, after-sun lotions and aftershaves. It also has uses as a haemorrhoid treatment and for treating varicose veins and inflamed gums.

      Witch hazel is often used as a cleanser or toner, for facial care routines and has success as a toner in the treatment of acne and is particularly suited to oily and combination skin types.

      The key ingredient in witch hazel is a tannin acid derivative called catechol tannin, When applied to wounds, cuts and abrasions, tannins constrict the tiny capillaries and below the skin surface.

      Benefits of Witch hazel pimples and acne:

      Another of the benefits of witch hazel is in helping to deal with acne and pimples.

      While acne is often associated with teenage years, it does also affect some people, who keep having difficulties with acne well into adulthood. Blackheads and whiteheads are a result of action within the pores, the causes may be a little more complicated. Studies have blamed genetic predisposition, hormonal variations, and nutrition, as well as external factors, for causing this condition.

      Wearing your hair back, washing your face gently, avoiding perspiration or rubbing your face can be of some assistance, but that is not always the answer. When the body is functioning properly it is more able to fend off bacteria and keep skin oil production under control. Witch hazel is recommended as a topical treatment.

      So in addition to general treatment surrounding skin care, treatment also may be caused by underlying circumstances, including diet and overall treatment should be considered on more than one level.

      Using witch hazel to disinfect the skin significantly reduces the presence of bacteria on the face. This reduction limits skin inflammation and the likelihood of a pimple developing.

    Is Laser Vein Treatment effective?
    I'm thinking about getting Laser Vein Treatment instead of Sclerotherapy. Is worth it?

    • ANSWER:
      Sweet, although laser vein treatment is effective, it can be costly. Some insurance companies do not cover laser vein treatment, particularly if they deem the procedure to be cosmetic in nature. As a result, it is important to study the insurance policy, call the insurance company, and if it is not covered, try less expensive techniques to lessen the appearance and prevent additional varicose veins from forming. Compression stockings work by squeezing the wearer’s legs to increase blood flow through the legs and relieving the symptoms of varicose veins, and their milder counterpart – spider veins. Other self-care techniques, such as weight loss, exercise, elevating the legs, wearing loose fitting clothing, and changing position from sitting to standing (or vice versa) more frequently, may also help with varicose and spider veins.

      For individuals who chose to undergo laser vein treatment, it is a quick and effective technique. In fact, it is 98% effective for the first year and 95% effective for the first five years. In addition, complications are rare. Through laser vein treatment, doctors use lasers to cause smaller veins to disappear without any large incisions or painful recovery periods. For larger veins, other procedures may be recommended.

      Before the actual laser is used, doctors will take an ultrasound of the leg; therefore, they can see the diameter and length of each vein. After a topical pain medication is applied, a laser is threaded through a tube that is inserted into the vein. The light waves from the laser will cause the vein to break up in less than one minute. A simple bandage is placed over the place where the tube was inserted into the vein, and healing is quick and painless.

    What is the best Joke about politicians?

    • ANSWER:
      Acute: Opposite of an ugly

      Artery: The study of paintings

      Bacteria: Back door of a cafeteria

      Barium: What doctors do to dead patients

      Benign: What you are after you're eight.

      Bowel: Letter like A,E,I,O, or U

      Cat scan: Searching for a kitty

      Cauterize: Made eye contact with her

      Cesarean Section: Neighborhood in Rome

      Colic: A sheep dog

      Concussion: A prisoner's sofa

      Congenital: To be friendly

      D & C: Where the White House is

      Dilate: To live too long

      Enema: Not a friend

      Fester: Quicker

      Fibula: A small lie

      GI series: A soldier ball game

      Hangnail: A coat hook

      Impotent: Distinguished, well known

      Jaundice: To include in a group

      Kinesthetics: Relationships among relatives

      Labor pain: Getting hurt at work

      Leper: A wild cat

      Malaria: Shopping place

      Medical staff: A doctor's cane

      Morbid: A higher bid

      Nitrates: Cheaper than day rates

      Node: Was aware of

      Outpatient: A person who fainted

      Pelvis: A cousin of Elvis

      Post-operative: A letter carrier

      Recovery room: A place used for upholstery work.

      Rectum: It almost killed him

      Rheumatic: Amorous

      Secretion: Hiding something

      Seizure: A Roman emperor

      Serology: Study of English Knighthood

      Tablet: A small table

      Terminal illness: Getting sick at the airport

      Tumor: More than one

      Urine: Opposite of you're out

      Varicose: Nearby

      Vein: Conceited

    How to determine infertility?

    • ANSWER:

      Causes for LOW sperm count:

      Testicular Exposure to Overheating.
      Overheating (such as from high fever, saunas, and hot tubs) may temporarily lower sperm count. Work exposure to overheating may even impair fertility.

      Substance Abuse
      Cocaine or heavy marijuana use appears to temporarily reduce the number and quality of sperm by as much as 50%. Sperm actually have receptors for certain compounds in marijuana that resemble natural substances and which may impair the sperm's ability to swim and may also inhibit their ability to penetrate the egg.

      Smoking impairs sperm count, sperm motility, reduces sperm lifespan, and may cause genetic changes that affect the offspring. Additionally, a 1999 study found that men who smoke have lower sex drives and less frequent sex.

      Malnutrition and Nutrient Deficiencies.
      Deficiencies in certain nutrients, such as vitamin C, selenium, zinc, and folate, may be particular risk factors for low sperm count in such cases.

      Some studies, but not all, have found an association between obesity in men and low sperm count.

      Bicycling has been linked to impotence in men and also may affect the sperm count. Pressure from the bike seat may damage blood vessels and nerves that are responsible for erections. Mountain biking, which involves riding on off-road terrain, exposes the perineum (the region between the scrotum and the anus) to more extreme shocks and vibrations and increases the risk for injuries to the scrotum.

      Genetic Factors
      Genetic factors are proving to be important contributors to male infertility. Such genetic conditions may be inherited or caused by environmental assaults. Inherited disorders can genetically impair fertility.

      Environmental Assaults
      Over exposure to environmental assaults (toxins, chemicals, infections) can reduce sperm count either by direct effects on testicular function or on the hormone systems, although the extent of the effect and specific environmental assaults involved are often controversial. Some chemicals that affect sperm production men are : Oxygen-Free Radicals, Estrogen emulation pesticidal chemicals (DDT, aldrin, dieldrin, PCPs, dioxins, and furans ), plastic softening chemicals like Phthalates, hydrocarbons (ethylbenzene, benzene, toluene, and xylene)

      Exposure to Heavy Metals.
      Chronic exposure to heavy metals such as lead, cadmium, or arsenic may affect sperm production and most often cause a reduced production in otherwise healthy males. Trace amounts of these metals in semen seem to inhibit the function of enzymes contained in the acrosome, the membrane that covers the head of the sperm.

      Radiation Treatment.
      Radiation treatments and x-rays affect any rapidly dividing cell, so cells that produce sperm are quite sensitive to radiation damage. Cells exposed to significant levels of radiation may take up to two years to resume normal sperm production, and, in severe circumstances, may never recover.

      Low Semen Levels
      A reduced amount of ejaculated semen (less than 0.5 milliliters per sample) may be caused by a structural abnormality in the tubes transporting the sperm.

      A varicocele is a varicose vein in the cord that connects to the testicle. (A varicose vein is one that is abnormally enlarged and twisted.) Varicoceles are found in 15% to 20% of all men and in 25% to 40% of infertile men. It is not clear how they affect fertility, or even if they do at all.

varicose vein study